Background: The prevalence of low pre-operative hemoglobin (Hb) among cardiac surgery patients is high. As iron homeostasis is often impaired in these patients, restoration of iron availability might over-ride iron-restricted erythropoiesis. This post-hoc analysis of a previously published, large, randomized clinical trial (ClincalTrials.gov NCT03560687; n=1,000) assesses which sub-cohort of patients benefits the most from pre-operative Hb optimization with oral Sucrosomial® iron. Materials and methods: Patients without baseline Hb (n=349) or receiving >5 red blood cell units (n=57) were excluded from the study. Data from the remaining 594 were reanalyzed according to treatment, baseline anemia (Hb <13 g/dL) or gender. Patients (pt) received a one-month course of 60 mg/day Sucrosomial® iron (Iron group, n=309) or routine care (Control group, n=285) prior to elective cardiac surgery. Main end-point variables were increase in Hb from randomization to hospital admission, transfusion requirements, and cost-effectiveness of Sucrosomial® iron administration. Results: At hospital admission, Hb had increased 0.7 g/dL and 0.1 g/dL, for Iron and Control groups, respectively (p<0.001), with no gender-related differences, leading to a decrease in transfusion rate (30 vs 59%, respectively; p<0.001) and transfusion index (0.5 units/patient vs 1.2 units/pt, respectively; p<0.001). Sucrosomial® iron administration was well-tolerated, and yielded cost-savings of €92/pt (p<0.001), particularly in those presenting with baseline Hb <13 g/dL. Conclusions: This post-hoc analysis confirms pre-operative Sucrosomial® iron administration is a safe and cost-effective strategy to increase preoperative Hb and decrease transfusion requirements in elective cardiac surgery, especially in those anemic at baseline.

Benefits of pre-operative oral Sucrosomial® iron supplementation in cardiac surgery: influence of patient's baseline hemoglobin and gender / Weltert, Luca P; De Rosa, Alessandro; Rondinelli, Maria B; Falco, Mauro; Turani, Franco; Pierelli, Luca. - In: BLOOD TRANSFUSION. - ISSN 2385-2070. - 21:4(2023), pp. 305-313. [10.2450/2022.0222-22]

Benefits of pre-operative oral Sucrosomial® iron supplementation in cardiac surgery: influence of patient's baseline hemoglobin and gender

Pierelli, Luca
2023

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of low pre-operative hemoglobin (Hb) among cardiac surgery patients is high. As iron homeostasis is often impaired in these patients, restoration of iron availability might over-ride iron-restricted erythropoiesis. This post-hoc analysis of a previously published, large, randomized clinical trial (ClincalTrials.gov NCT03560687; n=1,000) assesses which sub-cohort of patients benefits the most from pre-operative Hb optimization with oral Sucrosomial® iron. Materials and methods: Patients without baseline Hb (n=349) or receiving >5 red blood cell units (n=57) were excluded from the study. Data from the remaining 594 were reanalyzed according to treatment, baseline anemia (Hb <13 g/dL) or gender. Patients (pt) received a one-month course of 60 mg/day Sucrosomial® iron (Iron group, n=309) or routine care (Control group, n=285) prior to elective cardiac surgery. Main end-point variables were increase in Hb from randomization to hospital admission, transfusion requirements, and cost-effectiveness of Sucrosomial® iron administration. Results: At hospital admission, Hb had increased 0.7 g/dL and 0.1 g/dL, for Iron and Control groups, respectively (p<0.001), with no gender-related differences, leading to a decrease in transfusion rate (30 vs 59%, respectively; p<0.001) and transfusion index (0.5 units/patient vs 1.2 units/pt, respectively; p<0.001). Sucrosomial® iron administration was well-tolerated, and yielded cost-savings of €92/pt (p<0.001), particularly in those presenting with baseline Hb <13 g/dL. Conclusions: This post-hoc analysis confirms pre-operative Sucrosomial® iron administration is a safe and cost-effective strategy to increase preoperative Hb and decrease transfusion requirements in elective cardiac surgery, especially in those anemic at baseline.
2023
blood transfusion; cardiac surgery; iron supplementation; patient blood management; pre-operative anemia
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Benefits of pre-operative oral Sucrosomial® iron supplementation in cardiac surgery: influence of patient's baseline hemoglobin and gender / Weltert, Luca P; De Rosa, Alessandro; Rondinelli, Maria B; Falco, Mauro; Turani, Franco; Pierelli, Luca. - In: BLOOD TRANSFUSION. - ISSN 2385-2070. - 21:4(2023), pp. 305-313. [10.2450/2022.0222-22]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1698242
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