Background: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is a condition characterized by an obsessive focus on healthy eating, inflexible dietary rules, and persistent preoccupations with food. Despite it has been recently the subject of increasingly relevant studies, little is known about the mechanisms that might foster ON symptoms. Objective: This study used a structural equation modeling approach to test the mediating effect of thoughts, worries, and preoccupations about food on the relationship that eating disorders (EDs) attitudes (e.g., dieting) and obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms have with ON in a large community sample. It was hypothesized that the effect of dieting and obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms on ON would be partially mediated by the presence of thoughts, worries, and preoccupations about food. Methods: Data from a cross-sectional sample of 1328 participants (females = 976) recruited from the general population were asked to fill in an online survey comprising the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), the Obsessive-compulsive subscale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90R-OC) and the Orthorexia Scale-15 (ORTO-15). Results: Structural equation models indicated that both obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms and dieting had a direct effect on ON and that food preoccupation partially mediated these relationships. Conclusion: These findings provide novel insight into the nature of ON that could aid its conceptualization and treatment.

Dieting, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, and orthorexia nervosa: Assessing the mediating role of worries about food through a structural equation model approach / Rossi, Alessandro Alberto; Mannarini, Stefania; Donini, Lorenzo Maria; Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Simpson, Susan; Pietrabissa, Giada. - In: APPETITE. - ISSN 0195-6663. - 193:(2023), p. 107164. [10.1016/j.appet.2023.107164]

Dieting, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, and orthorexia nervosa: Assessing the mediating role of worries about food through a structural equation model approach

Donini, Lorenzo Maria;Castelnuovo, Gianluca;
2023

Abstract

Background: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is a condition characterized by an obsessive focus on healthy eating, inflexible dietary rules, and persistent preoccupations with food. Despite it has been recently the subject of increasingly relevant studies, little is known about the mechanisms that might foster ON symptoms. Objective: This study used a structural equation modeling approach to test the mediating effect of thoughts, worries, and preoccupations about food on the relationship that eating disorders (EDs) attitudes (e.g., dieting) and obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms have with ON in a large community sample. It was hypothesized that the effect of dieting and obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms on ON would be partially mediated by the presence of thoughts, worries, and preoccupations about food. Methods: Data from a cross-sectional sample of 1328 participants (females = 976) recruited from the general population were asked to fill in an online survey comprising the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), the Obsessive-compulsive subscale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90R-OC) and the Orthorexia Scale-15 (ORTO-15). Results: Structural equation models indicated that both obsessive-compulsive thoughts and symptoms and dieting had a direct effect on ON and that food preoccupation partially mediated these relationships. Conclusion: These findings provide novel insight into the nature of ON that could aid its conceptualization and treatment.
2023
Disordered eating behaviors; Eating disorders; Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Orthorexia nervosa; Structural equation model
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Dieting, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, and orthorexia nervosa: Assessing the mediating role of worries about food through a structural equation model approach / Rossi, Alessandro Alberto; Mannarini, Stefania; Donini, Lorenzo Maria; Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Simpson, Susan; Pietrabissa, Giada. - In: APPETITE. - ISSN 0195-6663. - 193:(2023), p. 107164. [10.1016/j.appet.2023.107164]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1698006
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