Abstract: Background: Existing research has revealed a robust association between bullying victim- ization and psychological distress, but less is known about the underlying mechanism of this link. cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies could be a potential mediator. The current study exam- ined the role of functional and dysfunctional CER strategies as potential mediators of the association between bullying victimization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among 638 high school students (53.9% boys; Mean age = 15.65, SD = 1.32). Method: Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing bullying victimization (Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire), CER strategies (CERQ-18), and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS-21). The indirect relationships between bullying victimization and psychopathological symptoms via functional and dysfunctional CER strategies were tested through structural equation modeling. Results: Dysfunctional CER strate- gies mediated the impact of bullying victimization on depression, anxiety, and stress. In contrast, bullying victimization did not significantly influence functional CER strategies. Conclusions: The findings provide additional support for the detrimental role of bullying victimization on mental distress, also suggesting that this effect is not only direct, but indirect is well. These results are particularly relevant in light of the absence of mediation by protective factors such as the use of positive emotion regulation strategies.

Bullying Victimization and Adolescent Depression, Anxiety and Stress: The Mediation of Cognitive Emotion Regulation / Vacca, Mariacarolina; Cerolini, Silvia; Zegretti, Anna; Zagaria, Andrea; Lombardo, Caterina. - In: CHILDREN. - ISSN 2227-9067. - 10:12(2023). [10.3390/children10121897]

Bullying Victimization and Adolescent Depression, Anxiety and Stress: The Mediation of Cognitive Emotion Regulation

Vacca, Mariacarolina;Cerolini, Silvia;Zegretti, Anna;Zagaria, Andrea;Lombardo, Caterina
2023

Abstract

Abstract: Background: Existing research has revealed a robust association between bullying victim- ization and psychological distress, but less is known about the underlying mechanism of this link. cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies could be a potential mediator. The current study exam- ined the role of functional and dysfunctional CER strategies as potential mediators of the association between bullying victimization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among 638 high school students (53.9% boys; Mean age = 15.65, SD = 1.32). Method: Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing bullying victimization (Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire), CER strategies (CERQ-18), and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS-21). The indirect relationships between bullying victimization and psychopathological symptoms via functional and dysfunctional CER strategies were tested through structural equation modeling. Results: Dysfunctional CER strate- gies mediated the impact of bullying victimization on depression, anxiety, and stress. In contrast, bullying victimization did not significantly influence functional CER strategies. Conclusions: The findings provide additional support for the detrimental role of bullying victimization on mental distress, also suggesting that this effect is not only direct, but indirect is well. These results are particularly relevant in light of the absence of mediation by protective factors such as the use of positive emotion regulation strategies.
2023
bullying; cognitive emotion regulation; psychopathology; adolescents
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Bullying Victimization and Adolescent Depression, Anxiety and Stress: The Mediation of Cognitive Emotion Regulation / Vacca, Mariacarolina; Cerolini, Silvia; Zegretti, Anna; Zagaria, Andrea; Lombardo, Caterina. - In: CHILDREN. - ISSN 2227-9067. - 10:12(2023). [10.3390/children10121897]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1696914
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