The present study examined the attachment patterns distribution of 60 lesbian mothers, 50 gay fathers, and 42 heterosexual parents through assisted reproduction and their 76 children, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and the Friends and Family Interview (FFI), respectively. The study also explored the intergenerational transmission of attachment through reflective functioning (AAI-RF). All families lived in Italy and children were aged 6–12 years (Myears = 8.11, SD = 2.17; 48.68% assigned female at birth). The AAI patterns distribution was similar across family types and did not significantly differ from international and national normative data. Similarly, children’s FFI attachment patterns were evenly distributed between family types, and no significant differences emerged in comparison to international and national normative data referring to middle childhood samples. Mediational models revealed that, in all three family types, parents with greater AAI coherence of mind exhibited higher AAI-RF, which, in turn, was associated with increased FFI attachment security in children. Furthermore, parents’ AAI coherence of mind directly influenced children’s FFI attachment security. The results support and expand hypotheses regarding the intergenerational transmission of attachment in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproduction, while offering unique indications to support these families during middle childhood.

The intergenerational transmission of attachment during middle childhood in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproduction: The mediating role of reflective functioning / Carone, Nicola; Mirabella, Marta; Innocenzi, Eleonora; Quintigliano, Maria; Antoniucci, Chiara; Manzi, Demetria; Fortunato, Alexandro; Giovanardi, Guido; Speranza, Anna Maria; Lingiardi, Vittorio. - In: ATTACHMENT & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1469-2988. - (2023), pp. 1-27. [10.1080/14616734.2023.2292053]

The intergenerational transmission of attachment during middle childhood in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproduction: The mediating role of reflective functioning

Nicola Carone
;
Marta Mirabella;Eleonora Innocenzi;Maria Quintigliano;Chiara Antoniucci;Demetria Manzi;Alexandro Fortunato;Guido Giovanardi;Anna Maria Speranza;Vittorio Lingiardi
2023

Abstract

The present study examined the attachment patterns distribution of 60 lesbian mothers, 50 gay fathers, and 42 heterosexual parents through assisted reproduction and their 76 children, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and the Friends and Family Interview (FFI), respectively. The study also explored the intergenerational transmission of attachment through reflective functioning (AAI-RF). All families lived in Italy and children were aged 6–12 years (Myears = 8.11, SD = 2.17; 48.68% assigned female at birth). The AAI patterns distribution was similar across family types and did not significantly differ from international and national normative data. Similarly, children’s FFI attachment patterns were evenly distributed between family types, and no significant differences emerged in comparison to international and national normative data referring to middle childhood samples. Mediational models revealed that, in all three family types, parents with greater AAI coherence of mind exhibited higher AAI-RF, which, in turn, was associated with increased FFI attachment security in children. Furthermore, parents’ AAI coherence of mind directly influenced children’s FFI attachment security. The results support and expand hypotheses regarding the intergenerational transmission of attachment in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproduction, while offering unique indications to support these families during middle childhood.
2023
lesbian mothers; gay fathers; assisted reproduction; attachment; reflective functioning
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The intergenerational transmission of attachment during middle childhood in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproduction: The mediating role of reflective functioning / Carone, Nicola; Mirabella, Marta; Innocenzi, Eleonora; Quintigliano, Maria; Antoniucci, Chiara; Manzi, Demetria; Fortunato, Alexandro; Giovanardi, Guido; Speranza, Anna Maria; Lingiardi, Vittorio. - In: ATTACHMENT & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1469-2988. - (2023), pp. 1-27. [10.1080/14616734.2023.2292053]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
The intergenerational transmission of attachment during middle childhood in lesbian gay and heterosexual parent families through assisted reproducti.pdf

accesso aperto

Note: Carone_The intergenerational transmission_2023
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 937.7 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
937.7 kB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1696566
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact