Acute hypoxia stimulates the release of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) from isolated rat and rabbit hearts. Increased ANF plasma levels have been found in rats exposed to chronic hypoxia and recently some studies have been conducted on men, with discordant results. The aim of the present study was to verify changes in ANF plasma levels during acute and prolonged hypoxia in young healthy men. We studied 22 subjects (aged 20-28 years, mean 22.7 years) during a simulated exposure to altitude (5000 m) in a hypobaric chamber for 3 hours (A), and 6 subjects (aged 24-51 years, mean 36.5 years) during the scientific expedition to mount Poumori (Nepal 4930 m altitude) with an exposure at maximum altitude for 20 days (B). ANF was measured by the radioimmunoassay method. Results (pg/ml): (A) baseline: 29.4 +/- 18.6; 120 min: 32.0 +/- 17.4 (NS); 180 min: 35.4 +/- 17.1 (p less than 0.05). (B) baseline: 39.6 +/- 13.3; third day: 38.2 +/- 14.1; fifth day: 31.3 +/- 11; seventh day: 29.1 +/- 13.5; tenth day: 32.2 +/- 20.8; fifteenth day: 37.9 +/- 20.2; twentieth day: 34.6 +/- 23.7 (all differences were not significant). In (B) we observed a higher dispersion of values perhaps due to individual variability. The different behaviour of ANF plasma levels in acute and chronic conditions might be due to the adaptive modification of different physiological parameters as loss of plasma volume, natriuresis and attenuation of tissue hypoxia by enhanced erythropoiesis, observed more evidently during prolonged exposure.
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|Titolo:||[Effects of acute and protracted hypoxia on plasma levels of atrial natriuretic factor].|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|