Study Objectives: To evaluate the effects of bupropion on periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and chin electromyography tone in children taking it for their mood disorder, compared to the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and of bupropion combined with SSRIs. Methods: Six adolescents (aged 16.0 ± 0.63 years) taking bupropion alone and 6 adolescents (aged 15.9 ± 1.36 years) taking bupropion in combination with an SSRI antidepressant were recruited, along with 10 adolescents (aged 16.2 ± 0.2 years) taking different SSRIs, and they were also enrolled together with 17 age- and sex-matched control patients (aged 15.5 ± 1.26 years). Polysomnographic studies were obtained, and participants’ leg movement activity during sleep and muscle tone were assessed quantitatively (atonia index) during all sleep stages. Results: Participants taking SSRIs showed PLMS indices significantly higher than those of control patients, whereas adolescents taking bupropion showed only slightly increased indexes of nonperiodic leg movements during sleep. No differences in PLMS were observed between adolescents taking bupropion alone or in association with SSRIs. The atonia index showed, within each sleep stage, the lowest values in the 2 groups taking SSRIs and the highest in the control patients; adolescents taking bupropion alone tended to show values slightly smaller than those of the control patients. Conclusions: We found that similar to adults, in adolescents SSRIs but not bupropion are associated with increased PLMS. Bupropion also seems to counteract the SSRI-induced increase of PLMS, when administered in combination; thus, the dopaminergic effect of bupropion seems to outmatch the antidopaminergic action of SSRIs. Conversely, bupropion does not counteract the effects of SSRIs on chin electromyography tone.

Effects of bupropion and SSRI antidepressants on leg movement activity and chin muscle tone during sleep in adolescents / Delrosso, L. M.; Mogavero, M. P.; Fickensher, A.; Bruni, O.; Schenck, C. H.; Ferri, R.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1550-9389. - 19:1(2023), pp. 151-161. [10.5664/jcsm.10282]

Effects of bupropion and SSRI antidepressants on leg movement activity and chin muscle tone during sleep in adolescents

Bruni O.;
2023

Abstract

Study Objectives: To evaluate the effects of bupropion on periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and chin electromyography tone in children taking it for their mood disorder, compared to the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and of bupropion combined with SSRIs. Methods: Six adolescents (aged 16.0 ± 0.63 years) taking bupropion alone and 6 adolescents (aged 15.9 ± 1.36 years) taking bupropion in combination with an SSRI antidepressant were recruited, along with 10 adolescents (aged 16.2 ± 0.2 years) taking different SSRIs, and they were also enrolled together with 17 age- and sex-matched control patients (aged 15.5 ± 1.26 years). Polysomnographic studies were obtained, and participants’ leg movement activity during sleep and muscle tone were assessed quantitatively (atonia index) during all sleep stages. Results: Participants taking SSRIs showed PLMS indices significantly higher than those of control patients, whereas adolescents taking bupropion showed only slightly increased indexes of nonperiodic leg movements during sleep. No differences in PLMS were observed between adolescents taking bupropion alone or in association with SSRIs. The atonia index showed, within each sleep stage, the lowest values in the 2 groups taking SSRIs and the highest in the control patients; adolescents taking bupropion alone tended to show values slightly smaller than those of the control patients. Conclusions: We found that similar to adults, in adolescents SSRIs but not bupropion are associated with increased PLMS. Bupropion also seems to counteract the SSRI-induced increase of PLMS, when administered in combination; thus, the dopaminergic effect of bupropion seems to outmatch the antidopaminergic action of SSRIs. Conversely, bupropion does not counteract the effects of SSRIs on chin electromyography tone.
2023
adolescents; atonia index; bupropion; chin EMG tone; leg movement activity during sleep; periodic leg movements during sleep; periodicity index; SSRI antidepressants
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Effects of bupropion and SSRI antidepressants on leg movement activity and chin muscle tone during sleep in adolescents / Delrosso, L. M.; Mogavero, M. P.; Fickensher, A.; Bruni, O.; Schenck, C. H.; Ferri, R.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1550-9389. - 19:1(2023), pp. 151-161. [10.5664/jcsm.10282]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1692913
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