Psychological factors may have a precipitant role in takotsubo syndrome (TS). Aberrant Heart Rate Variability (HRV) has been reported in TS, suggesting inflexibility of the autonomous nervous system. Nevertheless, results on HRV alterations and their link with psychological factors in TS are conflicting. This work aimed to systematically explore whether TS may be associated with HRV alterations and their association with specific psychological profiles in TS patients. A literature search was conducted across databases (Pubmed, Scopus, PsycInfo, Web of Science) and empirical studies including TS patients which were evaluated in one or more HRV indices were retrieved. HRV and psychological outcomes were extracted. 10 empirical studies with 194 TS patients were included. Results showed significant alteration of HRV in TS patients, with indices compared to controls, and a progressive increase over time. Nevertheless, retrieved data presented mixed results, as also shown by a large heterogeneity in the meta-analytic findings. 2 studies found significant relationships between HRV alterations and trait—rather than state—psychological outcomes (i.e., coping strategies and emotional arousal), pointing to the need to explore the role of psychological vulnerabilities, rather than single traumatic stressors, in the association between HRV and TS.

Heart rate variability alterations in takotsubo syndrome and related association with psychological factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Cruciani, Gianluca; Cavicchioli, Marco; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Tanzilli, Annalisa; Lingiardi, Vittorio; Galli, Federica. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s41598-023-47982-0]

Heart rate variability alterations in takotsubo syndrome and related association with psychological factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Gianluca Cruciani;Gaetano Tanzilli;Annalisa Tanzilli
;
Vittorio Lingiardi;Federica Galli
2023

Abstract

Psychological factors may have a precipitant role in takotsubo syndrome (TS). Aberrant Heart Rate Variability (HRV) has been reported in TS, suggesting inflexibility of the autonomous nervous system. Nevertheless, results on HRV alterations and their link with psychological factors in TS are conflicting. This work aimed to systematically explore whether TS may be associated with HRV alterations and their association with specific psychological profiles in TS patients. A literature search was conducted across databases (Pubmed, Scopus, PsycInfo, Web of Science) and empirical studies including TS patients which were evaluated in one or more HRV indices were retrieved. HRV and psychological outcomes were extracted. 10 empirical studies with 194 TS patients were included. Results showed significant alteration of HRV in TS patients, with indices compared to controls, and a progressive increase over time. Nevertheless, retrieved data presented mixed results, as also shown by a large heterogeneity in the meta-analytic findings. 2 studies found significant relationships between HRV alterations and trait—rather than state—psychological outcomes (i.e., coping strategies and emotional arousal), pointing to the need to explore the role of psychological vulnerabilities, rather than single traumatic stressors, in the association between HRV and TS.
2023
Takotsubo syndrome; heart rate variability; systematic review; meta-analysis;
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Heart rate variability alterations in takotsubo syndrome and related association with psychological factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Cruciani, Gianluca; Cavicchioli, Marco; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Tanzilli, Annalisa; Lingiardi, Vittorio; Galli, Federica. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s41598-023-47982-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1692873
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