Objective: To systematically review and meta-analyze the predictive value of the Fournier gangrene severity index (FGSI), the simplified FGSI (SFGSI), and the Uludag FGSI (UFGSI) on mortality in patients affected by Fournier's Gangrene (FG). Methods: A search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, from January 2000 to May 2023, to identify original cohorts comparing data between surviving and non-surviving FG patients. The statistical analysis consisted of two parts. First, the mean and standard deviation (SD) of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI at admission were extrapolated from each study, and the pooled mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was obtained using the Der Simonian-Laird random-effect model. Second, to evaluate the accuracy of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFSGI in predicting mortality, true positive (TP), false positive (FP), true negative (TN), and false negative (FN) values were extracted where possible and reported in 2 × 2 contingency tables. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values were pooled, and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves were constructed. Results: Overall, forty studies comprising 2257 patients were included. The pooled analysis revealed that the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI values at admission were higher in non-survivors than survivors (MD: 5.53 (95% CI: 4.68-6.37); MD: 2.41 (95% CI: 1.06-3.77); and MD: 5.47 (95% CI: 3.68-7.26), respectively). Moreover, the AUC values of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI were 0.90 (95% CI: 0.87-0.92), 0.84 (95% CI: 0.80-0.87), and 0.94 (95% CI: 0.92-0.96), respectively. Conclusions: The higher scores of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI on admission were associated with mortality. Moreover, when comparing accuracy rates, the UFGSI exhibited the highest AUC value.

The Value of Fournier’s Gangrene Scoring Systems on Admission to Predict Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis / Tufano, A.; Dipinto, P.; Passaro, F.; Anceschi, U.; Franco, G.; Flammia, R. S.; Proietti, F.; Antonelli, L.; Di Pierro, G. B.; Prata, F.; Rullo, R.; Perdona, S.; Leonardo, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 13:9(2023). [10.3390/jpm13091283]

The Value of Fournier’s Gangrene Scoring Systems on Admission to Predict Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Tufano A.
Primo
;
Dipinto P.
Secondo
;
Passaro F.;Anceschi U.;Franco G.;Flammia R. S.;Proietti F.;Antonelli L.;Di Pierro G. B.;Rullo R.;Leonardo C.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Objective: To systematically review and meta-analyze the predictive value of the Fournier gangrene severity index (FGSI), the simplified FGSI (SFGSI), and the Uludag FGSI (UFGSI) on mortality in patients affected by Fournier's Gangrene (FG). Methods: A search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, from January 2000 to May 2023, to identify original cohorts comparing data between surviving and non-surviving FG patients. The statistical analysis consisted of two parts. First, the mean and standard deviation (SD) of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI at admission were extrapolated from each study, and the pooled mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was obtained using the Der Simonian-Laird random-effect model. Second, to evaluate the accuracy of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFSGI in predicting mortality, true positive (TP), false positive (FP), true negative (TN), and false negative (FN) values were extracted where possible and reported in 2 × 2 contingency tables. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values were pooled, and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves were constructed. Results: Overall, forty studies comprising 2257 patients were included. The pooled analysis revealed that the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI values at admission were higher in non-survivors than survivors (MD: 5.53 (95% CI: 4.68-6.37); MD: 2.41 (95% CI: 1.06-3.77); and MD: 5.47 (95% CI: 3.68-7.26), respectively). Moreover, the AUC values of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI were 0.90 (95% CI: 0.87-0.92), 0.84 (95% CI: 0.80-0.87), and 0.94 (95% CI: 0.92-0.96), respectively. Conclusions: The higher scores of the FGSI, SFGSI, and UFGSI on admission were associated with mortality. Moreover, when comparing accuracy rates, the UFGSI exhibited the highest AUC value.
2023
FGSI; Fournier gangrene; Fournier gangrene severity index; infection; mortality
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The Value of Fournier’s Gangrene Scoring Systems on Admission to Predict Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis / Tufano, A.; Dipinto, P.; Passaro, F.; Anceschi, U.; Franco, G.; Flammia, R. S.; Proietti, F.; Antonelli, L.; Di Pierro, G. B.; Prata, F.; Rullo, R.; Perdona, S.; Leonardo, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 13:9(2023). [10.3390/jpm13091283]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1692750
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