Polymers are among the most studied materials as drug carriers due to their tunable chemical structure and ability to self-assemble to give different types of nanostructures. In this study, chitosan (CS) nanoparticles (NPs) were investigated as carriers for the anticancer drug sodium usnate (NaU) for the treatment of osteosarcoma (OS), which is the most prevalent primary malignant bone sarcoma in pediatric and adolescent patients. CS nano-assembling was induced by electrostatic interactions with the drug and the anionic cross-linker tripolyphosphate, thus obtaining stable nanosystems and high drug encapsulation efficiency. Importantly, a reduction in NaU hepatotoxicity when encapsulated in CS NPs compared to free NaU was evidenced, suggesting that CS may have a protective role against liver damage. Unfortunately, NaU encapsulation also reduced drug toxicity in osteosarcoma 143B cells compared to free NaU. Nevertheless, NaU-loaded CS NPs (0.312 mg/mL) were found to decrease 143B cell viability after 48 h and 72 h treatment without being hepatotoxic. Interestingly, this system also stimulated Maspin production in 143B cells, an agent known for its tumour suppressor properties. Relevant synergistic activity between CS and NaU in promoting Maspin stimulation was found. That suggests the potential of the systems to reduce the invasiveness of OS cancer.

Self-assembled chitosan-sodium usnate drug delivery nanosystems: Synthesis, characterization, stability studies, in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo biocompatibility against 143 B cells / Brugnoli, Benedetta; Mariano, Alessia; Simonis, Beatrice; Bombelli, Cecilia; Sennato, Simona; Piozzi, Antonella; Taresco, Vincenzo; Chauhan, Veeren M.; Howdle, Steven M.; SCOTTO D'ABUSCO, Anna; Francolini, Iolanda. - In: CARBOHYDRATE POLYMER TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 2666-8939. - 6:(2023), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.carpta.2023.100373]

Self-assembled chitosan-sodium usnate drug delivery nanosystems: Synthesis, characterization, stability studies, in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo biocompatibility against 143 B cells

Benedetta Brugnoli;Alessia Mariano;Beatrice Simonis;Antonella Piozzi;Anna Scotto d'Abusco
;
Iolanda Francolini
2023

Abstract

Polymers are among the most studied materials as drug carriers due to their tunable chemical structure and ability to self-assemble to give different types of nanostructures. In this study, chitosan (CS) nanoparticles (NPs) were investigated as carriers for the anticancer drug sodium usnate (NaU) for the treatment of osteosarcoma (OS), which is the most prevalent primary malignant bone sarcoma in pediatric and adolescent patients. CS nano-assembling was induced by electrostatic interactions with the drug and the anionic cross-linker tripolyphosphate, thus obtaining stable nanosystems and high drug encapsulation efficiency. Importantly, a reduction in NaU hepatotoxicity when encapsulated in CS NPs compared to free NaU was evidenced, suggesting that CS may have a protective role against liver damage. Unfortunately, NaU encapsulation also reduced drug toxicity in osteosarcoma 143B cells compared to free NaU. Nevertheless, NaU-loaded CS NPs (0.312 mg/mL) were found to decrease 143B cell viability after 48 h and 72 h treatment without being hepatotoxic. Interestingly, this system also stimulated Maspin production in 143B cells, an agent known for its tumour suppressor properties. Relevant synergistic activity between CS and NaU in promoting Maspin stimulation was found. That suggests the potential of the systems to reduce the invasiveness of OS cancer.
2023
chitosan nanoparticles; nano-particle drug delivery systems; Ccaenorhabditis elegans nematodes; sodium usnate; 143B cells maspin stimulation; osteosarcoma
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Self-assembled chitosan-sodium usnate drug delivery nanosystems: Synthesis, characterization, stability studies, in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo biocompatibility against 143 B cells / Brugnoli, Benedetta; Mariano, Alessia; Simonis, Beatrice; Bombelli, Cecilia; Sennato, Simona; Piozzi, Antonella; Taresco, Vincenzo; Chauhan, Veeren M.; Howdle, Steven M.; SCOTTO D'ABUSCO, Anna; Francolini, Iolanda. - In: CARBOHYDRATE POLYMER TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 2666-8939. - 6:(2023), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.carpta.2023.100373]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1691393
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