Despite decades of research, no therapies are available to halt or slow down the course of neuro-degenerative disorders. Most of the drugs developed to fight neurodegeneration are aimed to alleviate symptoms, but none has proven adequate in altering the course of the pathologies. Cell therapy has emerged as an intriguing alternative to the classical pharmacological approach. Cell therapy consists of the transplantation of stem cells that can be obtained from various embryonal and adult tissues. Whereas the former holds notable ethical issue, adult somatic stem cells can be obtained without major concerns. However, most adult stem cells, such as those derived from the bone marrow, are committed toward the mesodermal lineage, and hence need to be reprogrammed to induce the differentiation into the neurons. The discovery of neural crest stem cells in the dental pulp, both in adults' molar and in baby teeth (dental pulp stem cells and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, respectively) prompted researchers to investigate their utility as therapy in nervous system disorders. In this review, we recapitulate the advancements on the application of these stem cells in preclinical models of neurodegenerative diseases, highlighting differences and analogies in their maintenance, differentiation, and potential clinical application.

The Importance of Stem Cells Isolated from Human Dental Pulp and Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth as Therapeutic Approach in Nervous System Pathologies / Candelise, Niccolò; Santilli, Francesca; Fabrizi, Jessica; Caissutti, Daniela; Spinello, Zaira; Moliterni, Camilla; Lancia, Loreto; Delle Monache, Simona; Mattei, Vincenzo; Misasi, Roberta. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 12:13(2023), p. 1686. [10.3390/cells12131686]

The Importance of Stem Cells Isolated from Human Dental Pulp and Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth as Therapeutic Approach in Nervous System Pathologies

Francesca Santilli
Secondo
;
Jessica Fabrizi;Daniela Caissutti;Zaira Spinello;Vincenzo Mattei;Roberta Misasi
2023

Abstract

Despite decades of research, no therapies are available to halt or slow down the course of neuro-degenerative disorders. Most of the drugs developed to fight neurodegeneration are aimed to alleviate symptoms, but none has proven adequate in altering the course of the pathologies. Cell therapy has emerged as an intriguing alternative to the classical pharmacological approach. Cell therapy consists of the transplantation of stem cells that can be obtained from various embryonal and adult tissues. Whereas the former holds notable ethical issue, adult somatic stem cells can be obtained without major concerns. However, most adult stem cells, such as those derived from the bone marrow, are committed toward the mesodermal lineage, and hence need to be reprogrammed to induce the differentiation into the neurons. The discovery of neural crest stem cells in the dental pulp, both in adults' molar and in baby teeth (dental pulp stem cells and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, respectively) prompted researchers to investigate their utility as therapy in nervous system disorders. In this review, we recapitulate the advancements on the application of these stem cells in preclinical models of neurodegenerative diseases, highlighting differences and analogies in their maintenance, differentiation, and potential clinical application.
2023
DPSCs; SHEDs; cell therapy; dental pulp stem cells; neurodegenerative diseases; stem cells; stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
The Importance of Stem Cells Isolated from Human Dental Pulp and Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth as Therapeutic Approach in Nervous System Pathologies / Candelise, Niccolò; Santilli, Francesca; Fabrizi, Jessica; Caissutti, Daniela; Spinello, Zaira; Moliterni, Camilla; Lancia, Loreto; Delle Monache, Simona; Mattei, Vincenzo; Misasi, Roberta. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 12:13(2023), p. 1686. [10.3390/cells12131686]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1690770
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