Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy, characterized by a high death-to-incidence ratio. Platinum-based chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for newly diagnosed and platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARP inhibitors) have been incorporated into the treatment strategy for ovarian cancer. PARP inhibitors showed particular benefit for patients harboring defects in DNA repair pathways. Accumulating evidence showed that PARP inhibitors provide a benefit in newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer, even in the absence of BRCA mutation, as reported in the PRIMA, PRIME, and ATHENA-mono trials. Interestingly, the PAOLA-1 study provides another important finding, supporting the adoption of olaparib plus bevacizumab in patients with homologous recombination deficiency. Although those results are exciting, several patients develop resistance to PARP inhibitors. Hence, new combinations are under investigation to identify new treatment strategies to overcome this resistance. Currently, researchers are focused on the possibility to adopt PARP inhibitors even in the setting of platinum-resistant disease. The present critical review aims to report the current landscape and further perspective for strengthening PARP inhibitors' effectiveness in newly diagnosed and recurrent ovarian cancer.

PARP Inhibitors in Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Ovarian Cancer / Giannini, Andrea; Di Dio, C; Di Donato, V; D'Oria, O; Salerno, Mg; Capalbo, G; Cuccu, I; Perniola, G; Muzii, L; Bogani, G. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1537-453X. - 46:9(2023), pp. 1-6. [10.1097/coc.0000000000001024]

PARP Inhibitors in Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Giannini Andrea;Di Dio C
;
Di Donato V;D'oria O;Cuccu I;Perniola G;Bogani G
2023

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy, characterized by a high death-to-incidence ratio. Platinum-based chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for newly diagnosed and platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARP inhibitors) have been incorporated into the treatment strategy for ovarian cancer. PARP inhibitors showed particular benefit for patients harboring defects in DNA repair pathways. Accumulating evidence showed that PARP inhibitors provide a benefit in newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer, even in the absence of BRCA mutation, as reported in the PRIMA, PRIME, and ATHENA-mono trials. Interestingly, the PAOLA-1 study provides another important finding, supporting the adoption of olaparib plus bevacizumab in patients with homologous recombination deficiency. Although those results are exciting, several patients develop resistance to PARP inhibitors. Hence, new combinations are under investigation to identify new treatment strategies to overcome this resistance. Currently, researchers are focused on the possibility to adopt PARP inhibitors even in the setting of platinum-resistant disease. The present critical review aims to report the current landscape and further perspective for strengthening PARP inhibitors' effectiveness in newly diagnosed and recurrent ovarian cancer.
2023
ovarian cancer; parp inhibitor; hrd; brca
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
PARP Inhibitors in Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Ovarian Cancer / Giannini, Andrea; Di Dio, C; Di Donato, V; D'Oria, O; Salerno, Mg; Capalbo, G; Cuccu, I; Perniola, G; Muzii, L; Bogani, G. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1537-453X. - 46:9(2023), pp. 1-6. [10.1097/coc.0000000000001024]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1690293
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