A first synthesis of available data for the period of Rome's expansion in Italy (about 400-29 b.c.e.) shows the role of climate and environment in early Roman imperialism. Although global indices suggest a warmer phase with relatively few short-term climate events occuring around the same time as the expansion, local data emphasize the highly variable timing and expression of these trends. This variability casts doubt on ideas of a unitary, historically consequential "Roman Warm Period." The historical importance of climate and environment to socioeconomic development merits emphasis, but should be understood in terms of evolving, contingent forms of resilience and risk-mitigating behavior by Italian communities during Roman expansion.

An environmental and climate history of the Roman expansion in Italy / Bernard, S; Mcconnell, J; Di Rita, F; Michelangeli, F; Magri, D; Sadori, L; Masi, A; Zanchetta, G; Bini, M; Celant, A; Trentacoste, A; Lodwick, L; Samuels, Jt; Lippi, Mm; Bellini, C; Paparella, C; Peralta, De; Tan, Jm; van Dommelen, P; De Giorgi, Au; Cheung, C. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY. - ISSN 0022-1953. - 54:1(2023), pp. 1-42. [10.1162/jinh_a_01971]

An environmental and climate history of the Roman expansion in Italy

Di Rita, F;Michelangeli, F;Magri, D;Sadori, L;Masi, A;Celant, A;
2023

Abstract

A first synthesis of available data for the period of Rome's expansion in Italy (about 400-29 b.c.e.) shows the role of climate and environment in early Roman imperialism. Although global indices suggest a warmer phase with relatively few short-term climate events occuring around the same time as the expansion, local data emphasize the highly variable timing and expression of these trends. This variability casts doubt on ideas of a unitary, historically consequential "Roman Warm Period." The historical importance of climate and environment to socioeconomic development merits emphasis, but should be understood in terms of evolving, contingent forms of resilience and risk-mitigating behavior by Italian communities during Roman expansion.
2023
Roman Empire; history; palaeoecology; Palaeoclimate; bioarchaeology; land use
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
An environmental and climate history of the Roman expansion in Italy / Bernard, S; Mcconnell, J; Di Rita, F; Michelangeli, F; Magri, D; Sadori, L; Masi, A; Zanchetta, G; Bini, M; Celant, A; Trentacoste, A; Lodwick, L; Samuels, Jt; Lippi, Mm; Bellini, C; Paparella, C; Peralta, De; Tan, Jm; van Dommelen, P; De Giorgi, Au; Cheung, C. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY. - ISSN 0022-1953. - 54:1(2023), pp. 1-42. [10.1162/jinh_a_01971]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1689743
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