Thermal stability of two borate-based ionic liquids (ILs) recently proposed as effective additive for high voltage batteries, N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium bis(oxalato)borate (BOB) and N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium difluoro(oxalato)borate (DFOB), was investigated. Thermogravimetry–differential thermal analysis measurements performed under nitrogen at 1, 2, 4, and 7◦C min 1 show gradual mass loss above 220◦C for both compounds. The TG curves were processed by isoconversional kinetic analysis under the assumption of nonArrhenian behavior. The outcome of the analysis suggests that even the initial decomposition stages occur by a complex mechanism, probably via competing evaporation–decomposition paths with relative contributions varying with the heating rate. The service lifetimes estimated by the kinetic analysis result in a stability of DFOB up to 10-times higher than that of BOB in the 25 –125 ◦C range. Further experiments were carried out by the Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry (KEMS) in order to get information on the composition of the vapor phase produced upon heating under effusion conditions. The mass spectra of the vapor phase showed a rapid onset of decomposition at 110 ◦C and 130 ◦C for BOB and DFOB, respectively, with a large release of the ion species with m/q = 98. This decomposition path dominates the simple evaporation to neutral ion pairs, which was none theless observed at m/q = 172 (integer cation). All the results seem to point toward a higher stability of DFOB compared to BOB, most probably due to the charge-stabilizing inductive effect of fluorine atoms.

Assessment of thermal stability of two N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium borate ionic liquids by non-Arrhenian incremental kinetic method / Dubaj, T.; Tsurumaki, A.; Palluzzi, M.; Navarra, M. A.; Ciccioli, A.; Dilena, G.; Vecchio Ciprioti, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS. - ISSN 0167-7322. - 390:(2023), p. 123018. [10.1016/j.molliq.2023.123018]

Assessment of thermal stability of two N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium borate ionic liquids by non-Arrhenian incremental kinetic method

A. Tsurumaki;M. Palluzzi;M. A. Navarra;A. Ciccioli
;
G. Dilena;S. Vecchio Ciprioti
2023

Abstract

Thermal stability of two borate-based ionic liquids (ILs) recently proposed as effective additive for high voltage batteries, N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium bis(oxalato)borate (BOB) and N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium difluoro(oxalato)borate (DFOB), was investigated. Thermogravimetry–differential thermal analysis measurements performed under nitrogen at 1, 2, 4, and 7◦C min 1 show gradual mass loss above 220◦C for both compounds. The TG curves were processed by isoconversional kinetic analysis under the assumption of nonArrhenian behavior. The outcome of the analysis suggests that even the initial decomposition stages occur by a complex mechanism, probably via competing evaporation–decomposition paths with relative contributions varying with the heating rate. The service lifetimes estimated by the kinetic analysis result in a stability of DFOB up to 10-times higher than that of BOB in the 25 –125 ◦C range. Further experiments were carried out by the Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry (KEMS) in order to get information on the composition of the vapor phase produced upon heating under effusion conditions. The mass spectra of the vapor phase showed a rapid onset of decomposition at 110 ◦C and 130 ◦C for BOB and DFOB, respectively, with a large release of the ion species with m/q = 98. This decomposition path dominates the simple evaporation to neutral ion pairs, which was none theless observed at m/q = 172 (integer cation). All the results seem to point toward a higher stability of DFOB compared to BOB, most probably due to the charge-stabilizing inductive effect of fluorine atoms.
2023
Service life; Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry; Thermogravimetry; Model-free kinetic analysis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Assessment of thermal stability of two N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium borate ionic liquids by non-Arrhenian incremental kinetic method / Dubaj, T.; Tsurumaki, A.; Palluzzi, M.; Navarra, M. A.; Ciccioli, A.; Dilena, G.; Vecchio Ciprioti, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS. - ISSN 0167-7322. - 390:(2023), p. 123018. [10.1016/j.molliq.2023.123018]
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Note: Assessment of thermal stability of two N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpiperidinium borate ionic liquids by non-Arrhenian incremental kinetic method
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1688853
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