Purpose - We aimed at comparing Tc-99m-HMPAO white blood cells (Tc-99m-WBC) scintigraphy, 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose ([F-18]FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and CT angiography (CTA) in patients with suspected abdominal vascular graft or endograft infection (VGEI). Moreover, we attempted to define a new visual score for interpreting [F-18]FDG PET/CT scans aiming at increasing its specificity. Methods - We prospectively compared Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT, [F-18]FDG PET/CT, and CTA in 26 patients with suspected abdominal VGEI. WBC scans were performed and interpreted according to EANM recommendations. [F-18]FDG PET/CT studies were assessed with both qualitative (Sah's scale and new visual score) and semi-quantitative analyses. CTA images were interpreted according to MAGIC criteria. Microbiology, histopathology or a clinical follow-up of at least 24 months were used to achieve final diagnosis. Results - Eleven out of 26 patients were infected. [F-18]FDG PET/CT showed 100% sensitivity and NPV, with both scoring systems, thus representing an efficient tool to rule out the infection. The use of a more detailed scoring system provided statistically higher specificity compared to the previous Sah's scale (p = 0.049). Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT provided statistically higher specificity and PPV than [F-18]FDG PET/CT, regardless the interpretation criteria used and it can be, therefore, used in early post-surgical phases or to confirm or rule out a PET/CT finding. Conclusions - After CTA, patients with suspected late VGEI should perform a [F-18]FDG PET/CT given its high sensitivity and NPV. However, given its lower specificity, positive results should be confirmed with Tc-99m-WBC scintigraphy. The use of a more detailed scoring system reduces the number of Tc-99m-WBC scans needed after [F-18]FDG PET/CT. Nevertheless, in suspected infections within 4 months from surgery, Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT should be performed as second exam, due to its high accuracy in differentiating sterile inflammation from infection.

How to combine CTA, 99mTc-WBC SPECT/CT, and [18F]FDG PET/CT in patients with suspected abdominal vascular endograft infections? / Lauri, C.; Campagna, G.; Aloisi, F.; Posa, A.; Iezzi, R.; Sirignano, P.; Taurino, M.; Signore, A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7089. - (2023). [10.1007/s00259-023-06309-x]

How to combine CTA, 99mTc-WBC SPECT/CT, and [18F]FDG PET/CT in patients with suspected abdominal vascular endograft infections?

Lauri C.
;
Campagna G.;Iezzi R.;Sirignano P.;Taurino M.;Signore A.
2023

Abstract

Purpose - We aimed at comparing Tc-99m-HMPAO white blood cells (Tc-99m-WBC) scintigraphy, 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose ([F-18]FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and CT angiography (CTA) in patients with suspected abdominal vascular graft or endograft infection (VGEI). Moreover, we attempted to define a new visual score for interpreting [F-18]FDG PET/CT scans aiming at increasing its specificity. Methods - We prospectively compared Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT, [F-18]FDG PET/CT, and CTA in 26 patients with suspected abdominal VGEI. WBC scans were performed and interpreted according to EANM recommendations. [F-18]FDG PET/CT studies were assessed with both qualitative (Sah's scale and new visual score) and semi-quantitative analyses. CTA images were interpreted according to MAGIC criteria. Microbiology, histopathology or a clinical follow-up of at least 24 months were used to achieve final diagnosis. Results - Eleven out of 26 patients were infected. [F-18]FDG PET/CT showed 100% sensitivity and NPV, with both scoring systems, thus representing an efficient tool to rule out the infection. The use of a more detailed scoring system provided statistically higher specificity compared to the previous Sah's scale (p = 0.049). Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT provided statistically higher specificity and PPV than [F-18]FDG PET/CT, regardless the interpretation criteria used and it can be, therefore, used in early post-surgical phases or to confirm or rule out a PET/CT finding. Conclusions - After CTA, patients with suspected late VGEI should perform a [F-18]FDG PET/CT given its high sensitivity and NPV. However, given its lower specificity, positive results should be confirmed with Tc-99m-WBC scintigraphy. The use of a more detailed scoring system reduces the number of Tc-99m-WBC scans needed after [F-18]FDG PET/CT. Nevertheless, in suspected infections within 4 months from surgery, Tc-99m-WBC SPECT/CT should be performed as second exam, due to its high accuracy in differentiating sterile inflammation from infection.
2023
CT angiography; vascular endograft infection; WBC scintigraphy; [18F]FDG PET/CT
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
How to combine CTA, 99mTc-WBC SPECT/CT, and [18F]FDG PET/CT in patients with suspected abdominal vascular endograft infections? / Lauri, C.; Campagna, G.; Aloisi, F.; Posa, A.; Iezzi, R.; Sirignano, P.; Taurino, M.; Signore, A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7089. - (2023). [10.1007/s00259-023-06309-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1688562
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