While the S-3 scalar leptoquark presents a possible tree-level explanation of the b -> sll flavour anomalies, it suffers from two conceptual problems which are often disregarded by model-builders. Firstly, the quantum numbers of the S-3 allow for a renormalisable diquark operator that would trigger rapid proton decay unless its coupling were tuned away. Secondly, one expects the leptoquark to have generic couplings to leptons, which require tuning to avoid stringent experimental bounds on lepton flavour violation. By gauging a U(1) current that acts as L-mu- L-tau on the Standard Model (SM) fermions, and under which the leptoquark has charge -1, one can remedy both these problems. The additional U(1), which is spontaneously broken at some high scale, is associated with a massive Z ' gauge boson and a scalar SM singlet Phi, which play no direct role in mediating the anomalous B meson decays. By computing one- and two-loop mass corrections, we show that this pair of particles can be hidden away at much higher mass scales without destabilising either the Higgs or the leptoquark masses. The only low-energy relic of gauging L-mu- L-tau is thus the accidental global symmetry structure of the lagrangian. On the other hand, we find quite generally that an S-3 leptoquark that mediates the b -> sll anomalies cannot be much heavier than a few TeV without itself inducing large Higgs mass corrections.

Anomalies and accidental symmetries: charging the scalar leptoquark under L µ − Lτ / Davighi, Joe; Kirk, Matthew; Nardecchia, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS. - ISSN 1029-8479. - 2020:12(2020), pp. 1-31. [10.1007/jhep12(2020)111]

Anomalies and accidental symmetries: charging the scalar leptoquark under L µ − Lτ

Matthew Kirk
;
Marco Nardecchia
2020

Abstract

While the S-3 scalar leptoquark presents a possible tree-level explanation of the b -> sll flavour anomalies, it suffers from two conceptual problems which are often disregarded by model-builders. Firstly, the quantum numbers of the S-3 allow for a renormalisable diquark operator that would trigger rapid proton decay unless its coupling were tuned away. Secondly, one expects the leptoquark to have generic couplings to leptons, which require tuning to avoid stringent experimental bounds on lepton flavour violation. By gauging a U(1) current that acts as L-mu- L-tau on the Standard Model (SM) fermions, and under which the leptoquark has charge -1, one can remedy both these problems. The additional U(1), which is spontaneously broken at some high scale, is associated with a massive Z ' gauge boson and a scalar SM singlet Phi, which play no direct role in mediating the anomalous B meson decays. By computing one- and two-loop mass corrections, we show that this pair of particles can be hidden away at much higher mass scales without destabilising either the Higgs or the leptoquark masses. The only low-energy relic of gauging L-mu- L-tau is thus the accidental global symmetry structure of the lagrangian. On the other hand, we find quite generally that an S-3 leptoquark that mediates the b -> sll anomalies cannot be much heavier than a few TeV without itself inducing large Higgs mass corrections.
2020
beyond standard model; heavy quark physics; global symmetries
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Anomalies and accidental symmetries: charging the scalar leptoquark under L µ − Lτ / Davighi, Joe; Kirk, Matthew; Nardecchia, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS. - ISSN 1029-8479. - 2020:12(2020), pp. 1-31. [10.1007/jhep12(2020)111]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1688430
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