Objective: To identify the cortical and subcortical distribution of atrophy and the disorganization of white matter bundles underlying the apraxic disorders in a patient with corticobasal degeneration (CBD). Method: Patient underwent appropriate neuropsychological tasks aimed at identifying the nature of the apraxic disorder and morphometric structural MRI with whole-brain voxel-wise analysis. Results: Progressive limbkinetic apraxia (LKA) with onset in the right upper limb with subsequent extension to the limbs, trunk, orofacial district, and eye movements was documented, associated with element of ideomotor apraxia (IMA). The MRI study showed grey matter atrophy extending to much of the frontal cortex bilaterally, including the precentral cortex, and into the inferior parietal regions. Caudate and putamen were involved on the left. Significant clusters of white matter atrophy were found in the bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) and corpus callosum (CC). Sensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were normal. Conclusion: Previous observations in CBD indicate lack of inhibitory control from the sensory to the primary motor cortex with dysfunctional frontoparietal and cortico-motoneuron projections. Our neuroimaging data are partially consistent with these observations suggesting that the apraxic disorder in our patient might be produced by the disconnection of the primary motor cortex from the parietal areas that prevents selection and control of muscle movements, in the presence of preserved cortico-motoneuron as demonstrated by normal PEM. Apraxic disorders in CBD are high-level deficits of movement control that spare the motoneuron.

Clinical and MRI characterization of apraxic syndrome in corticobasal degeneration: A single-case study / Silveri, M. C.; Lo Monaco, M. R.; Tondinelli, A.; Leggio, M.; Olivito, G.. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT, AND COGNITION.. - ISSN 1385-4046. - 38:2(2024), pp. 508-528. [10.1080/13854046.2023.2219469]

Clinical and MRI characterization of apraxic syndrome in corticobasal degeneration: A single-case study

Leggio M.;Olivito G.
2024

Abstract

Objective: To identify the cortical and subcortical distribution of atrophy and the disorganization of white matter bundles underlying the apraxic disorders in a patient with corticobasal degeneration (CBD). Method: Patient underwent appropriate neuropsychological tasks aimed at identifying the nature of the apraxic disorder and morphometric structural MRI with whole-brain voxel-wise analysis. Results: Progressive limbkinetic apraxia (LKA) with onset in the right upper limb with subsequent extension to the limbs, trunk, orofacial district, and eye movements was documented, associated with element of ideomotor apraxia (IMA). The MRI study showed grey matter atrophy extending to much of the frontal cortex bilaterally, including the precentral cortex, and into the inferior parietal regions. Caudate and putamen were involved on the left. Significant clusters of white matter atrophy were found in the bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) and corpus callosum (CC). Sensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were normal. Conclusion: Previous observations in CBD indicate lack of inhibitory control from the sensory to the primary motor cortex with dysfunctional frontoparietal and cortico-motoneuron projections. Our neuroimaging data are partially consistent with these observations suggesting that the apraxic disorder in our patient might be produced by the disconnection of the primary motor cortex from the parietal areas that prevents selection and control of muscle movements, in the presence of preserved cortico-motoneuron as demonstrated by normal PEM. Apraxic disorders in CBD are high-level deficits of movement control that spare the motoneuron.
2024
Corticobasal degeneration; frontoparietal network; limb apraxia; limbkinetic apraxia; motor system; voxel-wise analysis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Clinical and MRI characterization of apraxic syndrome in corticobasal degeneration: A single-case study / Silveri, M. C.; Lo Monaco, M. R.; Tondinelli, A.; Leggio, M.; Olivito, G.. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT, AND COGNITION.. - ISSN 1385-4046. - 38:2(2024), pp. 508-528. [10.1080/13854046.2023.2219469]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1688046
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