Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is often characterized by self-injurious behaviors, with one-half to two-third of these patients reporting hypalgesic or analgesic phenomena during self-harming. Research on pain perception in BPD suggested abnormal processing of nociception either within the sensory-discriminative and/or motivational-affective systems of pain. Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether pain insensitivity could be generalized to other somatosensory submodalities. To investigate this question, 30 BPD patients and 30 matched healthy controls were enrolled in the current study and underwent a somatosensory battery composed of well-established psychophysical test assessing all the principal submodalities of somatosensation, namely pain perception (i.e., warm, cold and mechanical), discriminative touch (i.e., tactile acuity and tactile sensitivity) as well as affective touch. Results showed abnormal warm detection threshold, warm pain threshold, mechanical pain perception, and tactile sensitivity in BPD patients, but no differences emerged neither for tactile acuity nor for cold pain thresholds, cold tolerance, or for affective touch perception. Findings point to a deficit in nociception, as well as in tactile sensitivity in BPD individuals, and were discussed in relation to BPD clinical features including self-injurious behaviors.

The perception of pain, discriminative touch and affective touch in patients suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder / Cruciani, Gianluca; Zingaretti, Pietro; Lingiardi, Vittorio; DE FILIPPIS, Sergio; Haggard, Patrick; Spitoni, Grazia Fernanda. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - (2023).

The perception of pain, discriminative touch and affective touch in patients suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder

Gianluca Cruciani
Primo
;
Pietro Zingaretti
Secondo
;
Vittorio Lingiardi;Sergio De Filippis;Patrick Haggard
Penultimo
;
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is often characterized by self-injurious behaviors, with one-half to two-third of these patients reporting hypalgesic or analgesic phenomena during self-harming. Research on pain perception in BPD suggested abnormal processing of nociception either within the sensory-discriminative and/or motivational-affective systems of pain. Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether pain insensitivity could be generalized to other somatosensory submodalities. To investigate this question, 30 BPD patients and 30 matched healthy controls were enrolled in the current study and underwent a somatosensory battery composed of well-established psychophysical test assessing all the principal submodalities of somatosensation, namely pain perception (i.e., warm, cold and mechanical), discriminative touch (i.e., tactile acuity and tactile sensitivity) as well as affective touch. Results showed abnormal warm detection threshold, warm pain threshold, mechanical pain perception, and tactile sensitivity in BPD patients, but no differences emerged neither for tactile acuity nor for cold pain thresholds, cold tolerance, or for affective touch perception. Findings point to a deficit in nociception, as well as in tactile sensitivity in BPD individuals, and were discussed in relation to BPD clinical features including self-injurious behaviors.
2023
bpd; pleasant touch; gentle touch; nociception; somatosensation; tactile sensitivity; tactile acuity
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The perception of pain, discriminative touch and affective touch in patients suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder / Cruciani, Gianluca; Zingaretti, Pietro; Lingiardi, Vittorio; DE FILIPPIS, Sergio; Haggard, Patrick; Spitoni, Grazia Fernanda. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - (2023).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1688014
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