Background and aims: Trehalose, spermidine, nicotinamide, and polyphenols are natural substances that exert pro-autophagic and antioxidant properties. Their role in blood pressure (BP) regulation and preservation of vascular function in essential hypertension is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mixture of these agents on BP level, markers of oxidative stress, autophagy, endothelial function, and vascular stiffness in outpatients with grade 1 uncomplicated essential hypertension. Methods and results: A single-centre, open-label, case-control, pilot study was conducted in adult outpatients (aged ≥18 years) receiving or not the mixture for two months along with the standard therapies. Both at baseline and at the end of the treatment the following clinical parameters were evaluated: brachial seated office BP level, central aortic pressure, pulse wave velocity, augmentation index (AI@75). Both at baseline and at the end of the treatment, a blood sample was drawn for the measurement of: H2O2, HBA%, levels of sNOX2-dp, Atg 5, P62, endothelin 1, and NO bioavailability. The mixture of nutraceuticals did not influence BP levels. Patients receiving the mixture showed a significant decrease of oxidative stress, stimulation of autophagy, increased NO bioavailability and no increase of the AI@75, in contrast to what observed in hypertensive patients not receiving the mixture. Conclusions: The supplementation of the trehalose, spermidine, nicotinamide, and polyphenols mixture counteracted hypertension-related arterial stiffness through mechanisms likely dependent on oxidative stress downregulation and autophagy stimulation. These natural activators of autophagy may represent favourable adjuvants for prevention of the hypertensive cardiovascular damage.

Effects of two-month treatment with a mixture of natural activators of autophagy on oxidative stress and arterial stiffness in patients with essential hypertension. A pilot study / Tocci, Giuliano; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Forte, Maurizio; Gallo, Giovanna; Nardoianni, Giulia; Fiori, Emiliano; D'Ambrosio, Luca; Di Pietro, Riccardo; Stefanini, Giulio; Cannata, Francesco; Rocco, Erica; Simeone, Beatrice; Sarto, Gianmarco; Schirone, Leonardo; D'Amico, Alessandra; Peruzzi, Mariangela; Nocella, Cristina; Volpe, Massimo; Rubattu, Speranza. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - S0939-4753(23)00295-8(2023), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.numecd.2023.07.026]

Effects of two-month treatment with a mixture of natural activators of autophagy on oxidative stress and arterial stiffness in patients with essential hypertension. A pilot study

Tocci, Giuliano;Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe;Gallo, Giovanna;Nardoianni, Giulia;Fiori, Emiliano;D'Ambrosio, Luca;Di Pietro, Riccardo;Stefanini, Giulio;Sarto, Gianmarco;Schirone, Leonardo;D'Amico, Alessandra;Peruzzi, Mariangela;Nocella, Cristina;Volpe, Massimo;Rubattu, Speranza
2023

Abstract

Background and aims: Trehalose, spermidine, nicotinamide, and polyphenols are natural substances that exert pro-autophagic and antioxidant properties. Their role in blood pressure (BP) regulation and preservation of vascular function in essential hypertension is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mixture of these agents on BP level, markers of oxidative stress, autophagy, endothelial function, and vascular stiffness in outpatients with grade 1 uncomplicated essential hypertension. Methods and results: A single-centre, open-label, case-control, pilot study was conducted in adult outpatients (aged ≥18 years) receiving or not the mixture for two months along with the standard therapies. Both at baseline and at the end of the treatment the following clinical parameters were evaluated: brachial seated office BP level, central aortic pressure, pulse wave velocity, augmentation index (AI@75). Both at baseline and at the end of the treatment, a blood sample was drawn for the measurement of: H2O2, HBA%, levels of sNOX2-dp, Atg 5, P62, endothelin 1, and NO bioavailability. The mixture of nutraceuticals did not influence BP levels. Patients receiving the mixture showed a significant decrease of oxidative stress, stimulation of autophagy, increased NO bioavailability and no increase of the AI@75, in contrast to what observed in hypertensive patients not receiving the mixture. Conclusions: The supplementation of the trehalose, spermidine, nicotinamide, and polyphenols mixture counteracted hypertension-related arterial stiffness through mechanisms likely dependent on oxidative stress downregulation and autophagy stimulation. These natural activators of autophagy may represent favourable adjuvants for prevention of the hypertensive cardiovascular damage.
2023
autophagy; hypertension; oxidative stress; polyphenols; trehalose; vascular function
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Effects of two-month treatment with a mixture of natural activators of autophagy on oxidative stress and arterial stiffness in patients with essential hypertension. A pilot study / Tocci, Giuliano; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Forte, Maurizio; Gallo, Giovanna; Nardoianni, Giulia; Fiori, Emiliano; D'Ambrosio, Luca; Di Pietro, Riccardo; Stefanini, Giulio; Cannata, Francesco; Rocco, Erica; Simeone, Beatrice; Sarto, Gianmarco; Schirone, Leonardo; D'Amico, Alessandra; Peruzzi, Mariangela; Nocella, Cristina; Volpe, Massimo; Rubattu, Speranza. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - S0939-4753(23)00295-8(2023), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.numecd.2023.07.026]
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