Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation are characterized by great clinical heterogeneity and complexity. The usual classifications may not adequately characterize this population. Data-driven cluster analysis reveals different possible patient classifications. Aims: To identify different clusters of patients with atrial fibrillation who share similar clinical phenotypes, and to evaluate the association between identified clusters and clinical outcomes, using cluster analysis. Methods: An agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis was performed in non-anticoagulated patients from the Loire Valley Atrial Fibrillation cohort. Associations between clusters and a composite outcome comprising stroke/systemic embolism/death and all-cause death, stroke and major bleeding were evaluated using Cox regression analyses. Results: The study included 3434 non-anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation (mean age 70.3 ± 17 years; 42.8% female). Three clusters were identified: Cluster 1 was composed of younger patients, with a low prevalence of co-morbidities; Cluster 2 included old patients with permanent atrial fibrillation, cardiac pathologies and a high burden of cardiovascular co-morbidities; Cluster 3 identified old female patients with a high burden of cardiovascular co-morbidities. Compared with Cluster 1, Clusters 2 and 3 were independently associated with an increased risk of the composite outcome (hazard ratio 2.85, 95% confidence interval 1.32–6.16 and hazard ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.09–2.11, respectively) and all-cause death (hazard ratio 3.54, 95% confidence interval 1.49–8.43 and hazard ratio 1.88, 95% confidence interval 1.26–2.79, respectively). Cluster 3 was independently associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (hazard ratio 1.72, 95% confidence interval 1.06–2.78). Conclusion: Cluster analysis identified three statistically driven groups of patients with atrial fibrillation, with distinct phenotype characteristics and associated with different risks for major clinical adverse events.

Phenotypes and outcomes in non-anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation: An unsupervised cluster analysis / Bisson, Arnaud; Fawzy, Ameenathul M.; Romiti, Giulio Francesco; Proietti, Marco; Angoulvant, Denis; El-Bouri, Wahbi; Lip, Gregory YH.; Fauchier, Laurent. - In: ARCHIVES OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 1875-2136. - (2023). [10.1016/j.acvd.2023.06.001]

Phenotypes and outcomes in non-anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation: An unsupervised cluster analysis

Romiti, Giulio Francesco;
2023

Abstract

Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation are characterized by great clinical heterogeneity and complexity. The usual classifications may not adequately characterize this population. Data-driven cluster analysis reveals different possible patient classifications. Aims: To identify different clusters of patients with atrial fibrillation who share similar clinical phenotypes, and to evaluate the association between identified clusters and clinical outcomes, using cluster analysis. Methods: An agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis was performed in non-anticoagulated patients from the Loire Valley Atrial Fibrillation cohort. Associations between clusters and a composite outcome comprising stroke/systemic embolism/death and all-cause death, stroke and major bleeding were evaluated using Cox regression analyses. Results: The study included 3434 non-anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation (mean age 70.3 ± 17 years; 42.8% female). Three clusters were identified: Cluster 1 was composed of younger patients, with a low prevalence of co-morbidities; Cluster 2 included old patients with permanent atrial fibrillation, cardiac pathologies and a high burden of cardiovascular co-morbidities; Cluster 3 identified old female patients with a high burden of cardiovascular co-morbidities. Compared with Cluster 1, Clusters 2 and 3 were independently associated with an increased risk of the composite outcome (hazard ratio 2.85, 95% confidence interval 1.32–6.16 and hazard ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.09–2.11, respectively) and all-cause death (hazard ratio 3.54, 95% confidence interval 1.49–8.43 and hazard ratio 1.88, 95% confidence interval 1.26–2.79, respectively). Cluster 3 was independently associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (hazard ratio 1.72, 95% confidence interval 1.06–2.78). Conclusion: Cluster analysis identified three statistically driven groups of patients with atrial fibrillation, with distinct phenotype characteristics and associated with different risks for major clinical adverse events.
2023
Atrial fibrillation; Cluster analysis; Outcomes; Machine learning
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Phenotypes and outcomes in non-anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation: An unsupervised cluster analysis / Bisson, Arnaud; Fawzy, Ameenathul M.; Romiti, Giulio Francesco; Proietti, Marco; Angoulvant, Denis; El-Bouri, Wahbi; Lip, Gregory YH.; Fauchier, Laurent. - In: ARCHIVES OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 1875-2136. - (2023). [10.1016/j.acvd.2023.06.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1684244
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