Dry eye disease (DED) is the most common ocular sur-face disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. Due to its chronic nature, the management of DED still represents a challenge in the ophthalmic practice. Nerve growth factor (NGF), which is expressed along with its high-affinity TrkA receptor on the ocular surface complex, has been widely studied for the treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy, and a novel recombinant human NGF (rhNGF) has recently received full mar-ket authorization in this setting. Since NGF has shown in both in vitro and in vivo studies to promote corneal healing, to enhance conjunctival epithelium differenti-ation and mucin secretion, and to stimulate tear film production and functionality, it could provide potential benefits also in patients with DED. A recent phase II clin-ical trial has assessed the role of rhNGF in DED patients, demonstrating significant improvements of DED signs and symptoms after 4 weeks of treatment. Further clin-ical evidence will be provided by the 2 ongoing phase III clinical trials. This review aims at comprehensively illustrating the rationale of use along with the efficacy and safety profile of topical NGF in patients with DED.

Cenegermin for the treatment of dry eye disease / Coco, Giuli; Piccotti, Giulia; Romanao, Vitn; Desideri, Lorenzo Ferro; Vagge, Aldo; Traverso, Carlo Enrico; Pellegrini, Marco; Bruscolini, Alice; Marenco, Marco; Giannaccare, Giuseppe. - In: DRUGS OF TODAY. - ISSN 1699-3993. - 59:3(2023), pp. 113-123. [10.1358/DOT.2023.59.3.3521858]

Cenegermin for the treatment of dry eye disease

Bruscolini, Alice;Marenco, Marco
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

Dry eye disease (DED) is the most common ocular sur-face disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. Due to its chronic nature, the management of DED still represents a challenge in the ophthalmic practice. Nerve growth factor (NGF), which is expressed along with its high-affinity TrkA receptor on the ocular surface complex, has been widely studied for the treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy, and a novel recombinant human NGF (rhNGF) has recently received full mar-ket authorization in this setting. Since NGF has shown in both in vitro and in vivo studies to promote corneal healing, to enhance conjunctival epithelium differenti-ation and mucin secretion, and to stimulate tear film production and functionality, it could provide potential benefits also in patients with DED. A recent phase II clin-ical trial has assessed the role of rhNGF in DED patients, demonstrating significant improvements of DED signs and symptoms after 4 weeks of treatment. Further clin-ical evidence will be provided by the 2 ongoing phase III clinical trials. This review aims at comprehensively illustrating the rationale of use along with the efficacy and safety profile of topical NGF in patients with DED.
2023
cenegermin; dry eye disease; nerve growth factor (NGF); ocular medications
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Cenegermin for the treatment of dry eye disease / Coco, Giuli; Piccotti, Giulia; Romanao, Vitn; Desideri, Lorenzo Ferro; Vagge, Aldo; Traverso, Carlo Enrico; Pellegrini, Marco; Bruscolini, Alice; Marenco, Marco; Giannaccare, Giuseppe. - In: DRUGS OF TODAY. - ISSN 1699-3993. - 59:3(2023), pp. 113-123. [10.1358/DOT.2023.59.3.3521858]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Coco_Cenegermin for_2023.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 508.66 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
508.66 kB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1683324
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact