Objectives: To investigate the expression of citrullinated and carbamylated proteins in extracellular microvesicles (EMVs) from RA patients. Methods: We enrolled 24 RA naive for biological therapy and 20 healthy donors (HD), matched for age and sex. For each patient, laboratory and clinical data were recorded and clinical indexes were measured (Clinical Disease Activity Index, Simplified Disease Activity Index, DAS28). EMVs in RA patients and HD were purified from plasma and measured by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NanoSight). Further, EMVs were incubated with anti-citrullinated/carbamylated proteins antibodies and processed by flow cytometry and western blot to evaluate the expression of citrullinated/carbamylated antigens. Results: NanoSight revealed a significant increase of EMVs in RA compared with HD. Moreover, cytofluorimetric analysis showed a significative higher expression of citrullinated antigens on EMVs' surface in RA than donors, while no substantial difference was found in the expression of carbamylated antigens. These data were confirmed by western blot which identified vimentin, glycolytic enzyme alpha-enolase 1 and collagen type II as the main citrullinated and carbamylated proteins carried by EMVs. Finally, a relevant correlation between the expression of citrullinated antigens and disease activity was found. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest an involvement of EMVs in the pathogenesis of RA by inducing autoimmunity.

Citrullinated and carbamylated proteins in extracellular microvesicles from plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis / Ucci, Federica M; Recalchi, Serena; Barbati, Cristiana; Manganelli, Valeria; Capozzi, Antonella; Riitano, Gloria; Buoncuore, Giorgia; Garofalo, Tina; Ceccarelli, Fulvia; Spinelli, Francesca R; Balbinot, Eugenia; Celia, Alessandra Ida; Longo, Agostina; Alessandri, Cristiano; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; Conti, Fabrizio. - 62:6(2023), pp. 2312-2319. [10.1093/rheumatology/keac598]

Citrullinated and carbamylated proteins in extracellular microvesicles from plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Ucci, Federica M;Recalchi, Serena;Barbati, Cristiana
Secondo
;
Manganelli, Valeria;Capozzi, Antonella;Riitano, Gloria;Buoncuore, Giorgia;Garofalo, Tina;Ceccarelli, Fulvia;Spinelli, Francesca R;Balbinot, Eugenia;Celia, Alessandra Ida;Longo, Agostina;Alessandri, Cristiano
;
Misasi, Roberta;Sorice, Maurizio;Conti, Fabrizio
2023

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the expression of citrullinated and carbamylated proteins in extracellular microvesicles (EMVs) from RA patients. Methods: We enrolled 24 RA naive for biological therapy and 20 healthy donors (HD), matched for age and sex. For each patient, laboratory and clinical data were recorded and clinical indexes were measured (Clinical Disease Activity Index, Simplified Disease Activity Index, DAS28). EMVs in RA patients and HD were purified from plasma and measured by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NanoSight). Further, EMVs were incubated with anti-citrullinated/carbamylated proteins antibodies and processed by flow cytometry and western blot to evaluate the expression of citrullinated/carbamylated antigens. Results: NanoSight revealed a significant increase of EMVs in RA compared with HD. Moreover, cytofluorimetric analysis showed a significative higher expression of citrullinated antigens on EMVs' surface in RA than donors, while no substantial difference was found in the expression of carbamylated antigens. These data were confirmed by western blot which identified vimentin, glycolytic enzyme alpha-enolase 1 and collagen type II as the main citrullinated and carbamylated proteins carried by EMVs. Finally, a relevant correlation between the expression of citrullinated antigens and disease activity was found. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest an involvement of EMVs in the pathogenesis of RA by inducing autoimmunity.
2023
ACPA; RA; autoantibodies; autoantigens; biomarkers; extracellular vesicles; post-translational modified proteins
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Citrullinated and carbamylated proteins in extracellular microvesicles from plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis / Ucci, Federica M; Recalchi, Serena; Barbati, Cristiana; Manganelli, Valeria; Capozzi, Antonella; Riitano, Gloria; Buoncuore, Giorgia; Garofalo, Tina; Ceccarelli, Fulvia; Spinelli, Francesca R; Balbinot, Eugenia; Celia, Alessandra Ida; Longo, Agostina; Alessandri, Cristiano; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; Conti, Fabrizio. - 62:6(2023), pp. 2312-2319. [10.1093/rheumatology/keac598]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1682501
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