This systematic review identifies, evaluates, and summarises the findings of all relevant individual studies on the prevalence of BRCA mutation (BRCAm) in endometrial cancer patients and the incidence of endometrial cancer in BRCAm women patients. Consequently, the benefits and limits of a prophylactic hysterectomy at the time of the risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy are analysed and discussed. A systematic literature search was performed in the databases of PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science until May 2022; 13 studies met the eligibility criteria. Overall, 1613 endometrial cancer patients from 11 cohorts were tested for BRCA1/2 mutation. BRCA1/2m were identified in 4.3% of women with endometrial cancer (70/1613). BRCA1m was the most represented (71.4%) pathogenic variant. Alongside, a total of 209 BRCAm carriers from 14 studies were diagnosed with endometrial cancer. Only 5 out of 14 studies found a correlation between BRCAm and an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Nevertheless, two studies found a statistical difference only for BRCA1m women. The present systematic review does not provide strong evidence in favour of performing routine hysterectomy at the time of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy; however, it provides epidemiological data that can be useful for counselling patients in order to offer a tailored approach.

Endometrial Cancer and BRCA Mutations: A Systematic Review / Gasparri, M. L.; Bellaminutti, S.; Farooqi, A. A.; Cuccu, I.; Di Donato, V.; Papadia, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:11(2022), p. 3114. [10.3390/jcm11113114]

Endometrial Cancer and BRCA Mutations: A Systematic Review

Gasparri M. L.;Cuccu I.;Di Donato V.;
2022

Abstract

This systematic review identifies, evaluates, and summarises the findings of all relevant individual studies on the prevalence of BRCA mutation (BRCAm) in endometrial cancer patients and the incidence of endometrial cancer in BRCAm women patients. Consequently, the benefits and limits of a prophylactic hysterectomy at the time of the risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy are analysed and discussed. A systematic literature search was performed in the databases of PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science until May 2022; 13 studies met the eligibility criteria. Overall, 1613 endometrial cancer patients from 11 cohorts were tested for BRCA1/2 mutation. BRCA1/2m were identified in 4.3% of women with endometrial cancer (70/1613). BRCA1m was the most represented (71.4%) pathogenic variant. Alongside, a total of 209 BRCAm carriers from 14 studies were diagnosed with endometrial cancer. Only 5 out of 14 studies found a correlation between BRCAm and an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Nevertheless, two studies found a statistical difference only for BRCA1m women. The present systematic review does not provide strong evidence in favour of performing routine hysterectomy at the time of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy; however, it provides epidemiological data that can be useful for counselling patients in order to offer a tailored approach.
2022
BRCA1; BRCA2; endometrial cancer; hysterectomy; risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Endometrial Cancer and BRCA Mutations: A Systematic Review / Gasparri, M. L.; Bellaminutti, S.; Farooqi, A. A.; Cuccu, I.; Di Donato, V.; Papadia, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:11(2022), p. 3114. [10.3390/jcm11113114]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1682395
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