The valence state of iron in mantle-derived melts, such as mid-ocean ridge basalt, is a useful proxy for oxygen fugacity (integral O-2). On subduction, oceanic crust undergoes metamorphic reactions that alter its initial integral O-2, generating compositional and redox heterogeneity in the supra-subduction zone and in the convecting mantle source of oceanic basalts. Kimberlite-borne eclogite xenoliths with ancient oceanic crustal protoliths represent an important archive to trace these processes in deep time. We determined, by Mossbauer spectroscopy, Fe3+/sigma Fe for garnet (0.03-0.15, average 0.08; n = 13) and clinopyroxene (0.05-0.37, average 0.23; n = 11) in bimineralic eclogite xenoliths from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe (Siberian craton), combined the results with high-quality literature data to estimate bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe and integral O-2, assessed associated uncertainties and discussed petrological implications. The incorporation of Fe3+ in, and distribution between, eclogite minerals is controlled by chemical composition (X), temperature (T), pressure (P) and integral O-2. Therefore, Fe3+/sigma Fe in garnet alone is an imperfect proxy for bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe. Values for the distribution of Fe3+/sigma Fe between clinopyroxene and garnet (D(Fe3+/sigma Fe)(cpx-grt)) range from 1.4 +/- 0.1 to 20 +/- 13 and correlate strongly with the abundance distribution of another polyvalent element, vanadium (r(2) = 0.80, n = 28), probably because both vary as a function of X-T-P-integral O-2. This allows to estimate Fe3+/sigma Fe in clinopyroxene and bulk rocks (0.01-0.32, average 0.06, n = 159) for the majority of literature data where only garnet Fe3+/sigma Fe is known. Low Fe3+/sigma Fe is retained in many high-Al2O3 eclogites with plagioclase-rich cumulate protoliths (Eu/Eu*> > 1), despite extended residence in the cratonic lithosphere. Bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe increases during mantle metasomatism but is not particularly linked to enrichment in highly incompatible elements. Low grossular content in garnet ensuing from mantle metasomatism, especially at low temperature, limits uptake of Fe3+, which is accommodated in clinopyroxene instead, leading to very high D(Fe3+/sigma Fe)(cpx-grt). Eclogite oxybarometry requires that Fe3+/sigma Fe of only garnet be known, whereby the input temperatures should be calculated with all Fe as Fe2+. For temperatures projected onto regional steady-state geothermal gradients, integral O-2 values relative to the fayalite-magnetite-quartz buffer ( increment log integral O-2(FMQ)) range from -5.9 to -0.2 (average - 3.1, n = 174), and are too low to stabilise oxidised sulphur in all and oxidised carbon in the vast majority of samples. Thus, ancient oceanic crust was a sink rather than a source of oxygen. In particular CaO-rich eclogite xenoliths occasionally are corundum-bearing and SiO2-undersaturated, typically with silica-deficient clinopyroxene with cations per formula unit <1.97 for 6 O anions, resulting in overestimated integral O-2.For the remaining samples, cryptic metasomatism, with enrichment in highly incompatible elements, is clearly focused in the integral O-2 interval of FMQ-4 to FMQ-3, indicating that mantle metasomatism can have both an oxidising and a reducing effect on eclogite. Unmetasomatised bimineralic eclogites have lower integral O-2 than coesite-bearing ones, reflecting reduction during metamorphism and silica-consuming partial melting of ancient subducted oceanic crust.

Fe3+ distribution and Fe3+/sigma Fe-Oxygen fugacity variations in Kimberlite-Borne Eclogite Xenoliths, with comments on Clinopyroxene-Garnet Oxy-thermobarometry / Aulbach, S; Woodland, Ab; Stagno, V; Korsakov, Av; Mikhailenko, D; Golovin, A. - In: JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3530. - 63:8(2022). [10.1093/petrology/egac076]

Fe3+ distribution and Fe3+/sigma Fe-Oxygen fugacity variations in Kimberlite-Borne Eclogite Xenoliths, with comments on Clinopyroxene-Garnet Oxy-thermobarometry

Aulbach, S
Primo
;
Stagno, V;
2022

Abstract

The valence state of iron in mantle-derived melts, such as mid-ocean ridge basalt, is a useful proxy for oxygen fugacity (integral O-2). On subduction, oceanic crust undergoes metamorphic reactions that alter its initial integral O-2, generating compositional and redox heterogeneity in the supra-subduction zone and in the convecting mantle source of oceanic basalts. Kimberlite-borne eclogite xenoliths with ancient oceanic crustal protoliths represent an important archive to trace these processes in deep time. We determined, by Mossbauer spectroscopy, Fe3+/sigma Fe for garnet (0.03-0.15, average 0.08; n = 13) and clinopyroxene (0.05-0.37, average 0.23; n = 11) in bimineralic eclogite xenoliths from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe (Siberian craton), combined the results with high-quality literature data to estimate bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe and integral O-2, assessed associated uncertainties and discussed petrological implications. The incorporation of Fe3+ in, and distribution between, eclogite minerals is controlled by chemical composition (X), temperature (T), pressure (P) and integral O-2. Therefore, Fe3+/sigma Fe in garnet alone is an imperfect proxy for bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe. Values for the distribution of Fe3+/sigma Fe between clinopyroxene and garnet (D(Fe3+/sigma Fe)(cpx-grt)) range from 1.4 +/- 0.1 to 20 +/- 13 and correlate strongly with the abundance distribution of another polyvalent element, vanadium (r(2) = 0.80, n = 28), probably because both vary as a function of X-T-P-integral O-2. This allows to estimate Fe3+/sigma Fe in clinopyroxene and bulk rocks (0.01-0.32, average 0.06, n = 159) for the majority of literature data where only garnet Fe3+/sigma Fe is known. Low Fe3+/sigma Fe is retained in many high-Al2O3 eclogites with plagioclase-rich cumulate protoliths (Eu/Eu*> > 1), despite extended residence in the cratonic lithosphere. Bulk Fe3+/sigma Fe increases during mantle metasomatism but is not particularly linked to enrichment in highly incompatible elements. Low grossular content in garnet ensuing from mantle metasomatism, especially at low temperature, limits uptake of Fe3+, which is accommodated in clinopyroxene instead, leading to very high D(Fe3+/sigma Fe)(cpx-grt). Eclogite oxybarometry requires that Fe3+/sigma Fe of only garnet be known, whereby the input temperatures should be calculated with all Fe as Fe2+. For temperatures projected onto regional steady-state geothermal gradients, integral O-2 values relative to the fayalite-magnetite-quartz buffer ( increment log integral O-2(FMQ)) range from -5.9 to -0.2 (average - 3.1, n = 174), and are too low to stabilise oxidised sulphur in all and oxidised carbon in the vast majority of samples. Thus, ancient oceanic crust was a sink rather than a source of oxygen. In particular CaO-rich eclogite xenoliths occasionally are corundum-bearing and SiO2-undersaturated, typically with silica-deficient clinopyroxene with cations per formula unit <1.97 for 6 O anions, resulting in overestimated integral O-2.For the remaining samples, cryptic metasomatism, with enrichment in highly incompatible elements, is clearly focused in the integral O-2 interval of FMQ-4 to FMQ-3, indicating that mantle metasomatism can have both an oxidising and a reducing effect on eclogite. Unmetasomatised bimineralic eclogites have lower integral O-2 than coesite-bearing ones, reflecting reduction during metamorphism and silica-consuming partial melting of ancient subducted oceanic crust.
2022
Mossbauer spectroscopy; geothermobarometry; oxygen fugacity; ferric iron; kimberlite-borne eclogite xenoliths
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Fe3+ distribution and Fe3+/sigma Fe-Oxygen fugacity variations in Kimberlite-Borne Eclogite Xenoliths, with comments on Clinopyroxene-Garnet Oxy-thermobarometry / Aulbach, S; Woodland, Ab; Stagno, V; Korsakov, Av; Mikhailenko, D; Golovin, A. - In: JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3530. - 63:8(2022). [10.1093/petrology/egac076]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1681840
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