Background: Patients with premature ejaculation (PE) are often diagnosed as having a comorbid erectile dysfunction (ED). When evaluating erectile function in PE patients with the popular International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5, or SexualHealth Inventory for Men [SHIM]), question #5 (Q5) about sexual satisfaction in the intercourse often lowers the total score of the questionnaire, giving false-positive results for the presence of ED. Aim: We aimed to compare SHIM with the other abridged form of IIEF, which is IIEF-EF, and to discriminate which tool has the best diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of erectile function in PE patients. Methods: The study was conducted from March 2019 to January 2020. A total of 189 heterosexual males with lifelong PE (117, 61.9%) or acquired PE (72, 38.1%) were included. They all compiled Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool, IIEF-15, SHIM, and IIEF-EF and underwent a full clinical examination to evaluate their erectile function. Outcomes: The scores of the 2 erectile function assessment questionnaires (SHIM and IIEF- EF) were compared in terms of their sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of ED in PE patients. Results: In terms of diagnosing ED in PE patients, the sensitivity of SHIM is 100% while the specificity is only 36%; meanwhile, the sensitivity of IIEF-EF is 100% but specificity is 77.2%. Further analysis demonstrates that decreasing cutoff of SHIM to 17.5 would provide an increased specificity of 82.5%, while sensitivity would lower to 96.0%. However, the highest area under the curve (0.966 vs 0.941) is given by the IIEF- EF with 100% sensitivity and 80.7% specificity at the cutoff of 24.5, which is one point lower than the usual cutoff value of 25.5. Clinical Implications: Our study suggests that when evaluating erection function in PE patients, the cutoff of both SHIM and IIEF-EF should be amended. Strengths & Limitations.: We proposed the solution for the bias of erectile function assessment in PE patients. However, other trials are needed to further validate in larger cohorts of PE patients. Conclusion: We suggest that the cutoff of SHIM and IIEF-EF should be amended (SHIM at 17.5 and IIEF-EF at 24.5, respectively) when assessing erectile function among PE population. Xi Y, Colonnello E, Ma G, et al. Validity of Erectile Function Assessment Questionnaires in Premature Ejaculation Patients: A Comparative Study Between the Abridged Forms of the International Index of Erectile Function and Proposal for Optimal Cutoff Redefinition. J Sex Med 2021;18:440e447. Copyright (C) 2020, International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Validity of Erectile Function Assessment Questionnaires in Premature Ejaculation Patients: A Comparative Study Between the Abridged Forms of the International Index of Erectile Function and Proposal for Optimal Cutoff Redefinition / Xi, Yu; Colonnello, Elena; Ma, Gongchao; Limoncin, Erika; Ciocca, Giacomo; Zhang, Hui; Jannini, Emmanuele A; Zhang, Yan. - In: JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1743-6095. - 18:3(2021), pp. 440-447. [10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.11.018]

Validity of Erectile Function Assessment Questionnaires in Premature Ejaculation Patients: A Comparative Study Between the Abridged Forms of the International Index of Erectile Function and Proposal for Optimal Cutoff Redefinition

Colonnello, Elena;Limoncin, Erika;Ciocca, Giacomo;Zhang, Hui;Jannini, Emmanuele A;
2021

Abstract

Background: Patients with premature ejaculation (PE) are often diagnosed as having a comorbid erectile dysfunction (ED). When evaluating erectile function in PE patients with the popular International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5, or SexualHealth Inventory for Men [SHIM]), question #5 (Q5) about sexual satisfaction in the intercourse often lowers the total score of the questionnaire, giving false-positive results for the presence of ED. Aim: We aimed to compare SHIM with the other abridged form of IIEF, which is IIEF-EF, and to discriminate which tool has the best diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of erectile function in PE patients. Methods: The study was conducted from March 2019 to January 2020. A total of 189 heterosexual males with lifelong PE (117, 61.9%) or acquired PE (72, 38.1%) were included. They all compiled Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool, IIEF-15, SHIM, and IIEF-EF and underwent a full clinical examination to evaluate their erectile function. Outcomes: The scores of the 2 erectile function assessment questionnaires (SHIM and IIEF- EF) were compared in terms of their sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of ED in PE patients. Results: In terms of diagnosing ED in PE patients, the sensitivity of SHIM is 100% while the specificity is only 36%; meanwhile, the sensitivity of IIEF-EF is 100% but specificity is 77.2%. Further analysis demonstrates that decreasing cutoff of SHIM to 17.5 would provide an increased specificity of 82.5%, while sensitivity would lower to 96.0%. However, the highest area under the curve (0.966 vs 0.941) is given by the IIEF- EF with 100% sensitivity and 80.7% specificity at the cutoff of 24.5, which is one point lower than the usual cutoff value of 25.5. Clinical Implications: Our study suggests that when evaluating erection function in PE patients, the cutoff of both SHIM and IIEF-EF should be amended. Strengths & Limitations.: We proposed the solution for the bias of erectile function assessment in PE patients. However, other trials are needed to further validate in larger cohorts of PE patients. Conclusion: We suggest that the cutoff of SHIM and IIEF-EF should be amended (SHIM at 17.5 and IIEF-EF at 24.5, respectively) when assessing erectile function among PE population. Xi Y, Colonnello E, Ma G, et al. Validity of Erectile Function Assessment Questionnaires in Premature Ejaculation Patients: A Comparative Study Between the Abridged Forms of the International Index of Erectile Function and Proposal for Optimal Cutoff Redefinition. J Sex Med 2021;18:440e447. Copyright (C) 2020, International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2021
Erectile Function; International Index of Erectile Function; Premature Ejaculation; Sexual Health Inventory for Men
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Validity of Erectile Function Assessment Questionnaires in Premature Ejaculation Patients: A Comparative Study Between the Abridged Forms of the International Index of Erectile Function and Proposal for Optimal Cutoff Redefinition / Xi, Yu; Colonnello, Elena; Ma, Gongchao; Limoncin, Erika; Ciocca, Giacomo; Zhang, Hui; Jannini, Emmanuele A; Zhang, Yan. - In: JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1743-6095. - 18:3(2021), pp. 440-447. [10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.11.018]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1681732
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