(1) Background: The study deepens the diagnosis of "pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified" (PDD-NOS), a subthreshold diagnosis introduced in DSM-IV and then absorbed into the broader spectrum disorder of autism in DSM 5. The presence of people still attributed with a diagnosis of PDD-NOS can cause confusion in the understanding of this disorder, which is no longer present in the current diagnostic system. This review aims to gain a deeper understanding of the characteristics and boundaries of diagnosis, its use within the scientific community, and the long-term stability of that diagnosis. (2) Methods: The Prisma method was used to carry out the literature review; the scientific papers were selected using scientific search engines, including SCOPUS, PUBMED, and PsychINFO. Twenty-three articles were finally selected, and a meticulous reading was carried out in relation to the research questions. (3) Results: Four cross-cutting categories were identified: (1) diagnosis; (2) differential diagnosis; (3) prognosis; and (4) comorbidity. (4) Conclusions: Limits have emerged regarding the consistency, sensitivity, and the stability of PDD-NOS. The inclusion of this diagnosis within the broader autism spectrum disorder category coined in DSM-5 appears applicable.

The Diagnosis of "Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified": A Systematic Literature Review / Carbone, Agostino; Dell'Aquila, Asia. - In: CHILDREN. - ISSN 2227-9067. - 10:5(2023). [10.3390/children10050844]

The Diagnosis of "Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified": A Systematic Literature Review.

Carbone, Agostino
Primo
;
2023

Abstract

(1) Background: The study deepens the diagnosis of "pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified" (PDD-NOS), a subthreshold diagnosis introduced in DSM-IV and then absorbed into the broader spectrum disorder of autism in DSM 5. The presence of people still attributed with a diagnosis of PDD-NOS can cause confusion in the understanding of this disorder, which is no longer present in the current diagnostic system. This review aims to gain a deeper understanding of the characteristics and boundaries of diagnosis, its use within the scientific community, and the long-term stability of that diagnosis. (2) Methods: The Prisma method was used to carry out the literature review; the scientific papers were selected using scientific search engines, including SCOPUS, PUBMED, and PsychINFO. Twenty-three articles were finally selected, and a meticulous reading was carried out in relation to the research questions. (3) Results: Four cross-cutting categories were identified: (1) diagnosis; (2) differential diagnosis; (3) prognosis; and (4) comorbidity. (4) Conclusions: Limits have emerged regarding the consistency, sensitivity, and the stability of PDD-NOS. The inclusion of this diagnosis within the broader autism spectrum disorder category coined in DSM-5 appears applicable.
2023
DSM; PDD-NOS; autism spectrum disorder; clinical psychology; diagnostic process; neuropsychiatry of childhood
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The Diagnosis of "Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified": A Systematic Literature Review / Carbone, Agostino; Dell'Aquila, Asia. - In: CHILDREN. - ISSN 2227-9067. - 10:5(2023). [10.3390/children10050844]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1680905
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