The ability to resist distracting stimuli whilst voluntarily focusing on a task is fundamental to our everyday cognitive functioning. Here, we investigated how this ability develops, and thereafter declines, across the life-span using a single task/experiment. Young children (5?7 years), older children (10?11 years), young adults (20?27 years), and older adults (62?86 years) were presented with complex visual scenes. Endogenous (voluntary) attention was engaged by having the participants search for a visual target presented on either the left or right side of the display. The onset of the visual scenes was preceded ? at stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) of 50, 200, or 500 ms ? by a task-irrelevant sound (an exogenous crossmodal spatial distractor) delivered either on the same or opposite side as the visual target, or simultaneously on both sides (cued, uncued, or neutral trials, respectively). Age-related differences were revealed, especially in the extreme age-groups, which showed a greater impact of crossmodal spatial distractors. Young children were highly susceptible to exogenous spatial distraction at the shortest SOA (50 ms), whereas older adults were distracted at all SOAs, showing significant exogenous capture effects during the visual search task. By contrast, older children and young adults? search performance was not significantly affected by crossmodal spatial distraction. Overall, these findings present a detailed picture of the developmental trajectory of endogenous resistance to crossmodal spatial distraction from childhood to old age and demonstrate a different efficiency in coping with distraction across the four age-groups studied.

Crossmodal spatial distraction across the lifespan / Pedale, Tiziana; Mastroberardino, Serena; Capurso, Michele; Bremner, Andrew J; Spence, Charles; Santangelo, Valerio. - In: COGNITION. - ISSN 0010-0277. - 210:(2021), p. 104617. [10.1016/j.cognition.2021.104617]

Crossmodal spatial distraction across the lifespan

Pedale, Tiziana;Mastroberardino, Serena;Santangelo, Valerio
2021

Abstract

The ability to resist distracting stimuli whilst voluntarily focusing on a task is fundamental to our everyday cognitive functioning. Here, we investigated how this ability develops, and thereafter declines, across the life-span using a single task/experiment. Young children (5?7 years), older children (10?11 years), young adults (20?27 years), and older adults (62?86 years) were presented with complex visual scenes. Endogenous (voluntary) attention was engaged by having the participants search for a visual target presented on either the left or right side of the display. The onset of the visual scenes was preceded ? at stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) of 50, 200, or 500 ms ? by a task-irrelevant sound (an exogenous crossmodal spatial distractor) delivered either on the same or opposite side as the visual target, or simultaneously on both sides (cued, uncued, or neutral trials, respectively). Age-related differences were revealed, especially in the extreme age-groups, which showed a greater impact of crossmodal spatial distractors. Young children were highly susceptible to exogenous spatial distraction at the shortest SOA (50 ms), whereas older adults were distracted at all SOAs, showing significant exogenous capture effects during the visual search task. By contrast, older children and young adults? search performance was not significantly affected by crossmodal spatial distraction. Overall, these findings present a detailed picture of the developmental trajectory of endogenous resistance to crossmodal spatial distraction from childhood to old age and demonstrate a different efficiency in coping with distraction across the four age-groups studied.
2021
Cognitive development; Complex scenes; Crossmodal spatial attention; Stimulus onset asynchrony; Visual search
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Crossmodal spatial distraction across the lifespan / Pedale, Tiziana; Mastroberardino, Serena; Capurso, Michele; Bremner, Andrew J; Spence, Charles; Santangelo, Valerio. - In: COGNITION. - ISSN 0010-0277. - 210:(2021), p. 104617. [10.1016/j.cognition.2021.104617]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1680466
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact