Earth's wilderness areas are reservoirs of genetic information and carbon storage systems, and are vital to reducing extinction risks. Retaining the conservation value of these areas is fundamental to achieving global biodiversity conservation goals; however, climate and land-use risk can undermine their ability to provide these functions. The extent to which wilderness areas are likely to be impacted by these drivers has not pre-viously been quantified. Using climate and land-use change during baseline (1971-2005) and future (2016- 2050) periods, we estimate that these stressors within wilderness areas will increase by ca. 60% and 39%, respectively, under a scenario of high emission and land-use change (SSP5-RCP8.5). Nearly half (49%) of all wilderness areas could experience substantial climate change by 2050 under this scenario, potentially limiting their capacity to shelter biodiversity. Notable climate (>5 km year -1) and land-use (>0.25 km year -1) changes are expected to occur more rapidly in the unprotected wilderness, including the edges of the Amazonian wilderness, Northern Russia, and Central Africa, which support unique assemblages of species and are critical for the preservation of biodiversity. However, an alternative scenario of sustainable develop-ment (SSP1-RCP2.6) would attenuate the projected climate velocity and land-use instability by 54% and 6%, respectively. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and preserving the remaining intact natural ecosystems can help fortify these bastions of biodiversity.

Land-use and climate risk assessment for earth's remaining wilderness / Asamoah, Ernest F; Di Marco, Moreno; Watson, James E M; Beaumont, Linda J; Venter, Oscar; Maina, Joseph M. - In: CURRENT BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-9822. - 32:22(2022), pp. 4890-4899. [10.1016/j.cub.2022.10.016]

Land-use and climate risk assessment for earth's remaining wilderness

Di Marco, Moreno;
2022

Abstract

Earth's wilderness areas are reservoirs of genetic information and carbon storage systems, and are vital to reducing extinction risks. Retaining the conservation value of these areas is fundamental to achieving global biodiversity conservation goals; however, climate and land-use risk can undermine their ability to provide these functions. The extent to which wilderness areas are likely to be impacted by these drivers has not pre-viously been quantified. Using climate and land-use change during baseline (1971-2005) and future (2016- 2050) periods, we estimate that these stressors within wilderness areas will increase by ca. 60% and 39%, respectively, under a scenario of high emission and land-use change (SSP5-RCP8.5). Nearly half (49%) of all wilderness areas could experience substantial climate change by 2050 under this scenario, potentially limiting their capacity to shelter biodiversity. Notable climate (>5 km year -1) and land-use (>0.25 km year -1) changes are expected to occur more rapidly in the unprotected wilderness, including the edges of the Amazonian wilderness, Northern Russia, and Central Africa, which support unique assemblages of species and are critical for the preservation of biodiversity. However, an alternative scenario of sustainable develop-ment (SSP1-RCP2.6) would attenuate the projected climate velocity and land-use instability by 54% and 6%, respectively. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and preserving the remaining intact natural ecosystems can help fortify these bastions of biodiversity.
2022
climate adaptation; climate change; climate mitigation; climate refugia; land-use change; post-2020 global biodiversity framework; protected areas; tracking climate change; velocity of climate change; wilderness areas
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Land-use and climate risk assessment for earth's remaining wilderness / Asamoah, Ernest F; Di Marco, Moreno; Watson, James E M; Beaumont, Linda J; Venter, Oscar; Maina, Joseph M. - In: CURRENT BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-9822. - 32:22(2022), pp. 4890-4899. [10.1016/j.cub.2022.10.016]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1680353
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