The remarkable biological activities of oregano essential oils (EOs) have recently prompted a host of studies aimed at exploring their potential innovative applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The chemical composition and biological activities of EOs from two Origanum vulgare genotypes, widely cultivated in Sicily and not previously studied for their biological properties, were characterized. Plants of the two genotypes, belonging to the carvacrol (CAR) and thymol (THY) chemotypes and grown in different cultivation environments, were considered for this study. The chemical profiles, including the determination of enantiomeric distribution, of the EOs, obtained by hydrodistillation from dried leaves and flowers, were investigated by GC-MS. Biological activity was evaluated as antimicrobial properties against different pathogen indicator strains, while intestinal barrier integrity, reduction in pathogen adhesion and anti-inflammatory actions were assayed in the intestinal Caco-2 cell line. The chemical profile of the CAR genotype was less complex and characterized by higher levels of the most active compound, i.e., carvacrol, when compared to the THY genotype. The enantiomeric distribution of chiral constituents did not vary across genotypes, while being markedly different from that observed in Origanum vulgare genotypes from other geographical origins. In general, all EOs showed high antimicrobial activity, both in vitro and in a food matrix challenge test. Representative EOs from the two genotypes resulted not altering epithelial monolayer sealing only for concentrations lower than 0.02%, were able to reduce the adhesion of selected pathogens, but did not exert relevant anti-inflammatory effects. These results suggest their potential use as control agents against a wide spectrum of foodborne pathogens.

Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils from Origanum vulgare genotypes belonging to the carvacrol and thymol chemotypes / Zinno, Paola; Guantario, Barbara; Lombardi, Gabriele; Ranaldi, Giulia; Finamore, Alberto; Allegra, Sofia; Mammano, Michele Massimo; Fascella, Giancarlo; Raffo, Antonio; Roselli, Marianna. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:6(2023). [10.3390/plants12061344]

Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils from Origanum vulgare genotypes belonging to the carvacrol and thymol chemotypes

Lombardi, Gabriele;
2023

Abstract

The remarkable biological activities of oregano essential oils (EOs) have recently prompted a host of studies aimed at exploring their potential innovative applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The chemical composition and biological activities of EOs from two Origanum vulgare genotypes, widely cultivated in Sicily and not previously studied for their biological properties, were characterized. Plants of the two genotypes, belonging to the carvacrol (CAR) and thymol (THY) chemotypes and grown in different cultivation environments, were considered for this study. The chemical profiles, including the determination of enantiomeric distribution, of the EOs, obtained by hydrodistillation from dried leaves and flowers, were investigated by GC-MS. Biological activity was evaluated as antimicrobial properties against different pathogen indicator strains, while intestinal barrier integrity, reduction in pathogen adhesion and anti-inflammatory actions were assayed in the intestinal Caco-2 cell line. The chemical profile of the CAR genotype was less complex and characterized by higher levels of the most active compound, i.e., carvacrol, when compared to the THY genotype. The enantiomeric distribution of chiral constituents did not vary across genotypes, while being markedly different from that observed in Origanum vulgare genotypes from other geographical origins. In general, all EOs showed high antimicrobial activity, both in vitro and in a food matrix challenge test. Representative EOs from the two genotypes resulted not altering epithelial monolayer sealing only for concentrations lower than 0.02%, were able to reduce the adhesion of selected pathogens, but did not exert relevant anti-inflammatory effects. These results suggest their potential use as control agents against a wide spectrum of foodborne pathogens.
2023
Caco-2 cells; Origanum heracleoticum; Origanum vulgare ssp. viridulum × Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum; antimicrobial activity; enantiomers; essential oil; geographic origin; intestinal permeability; oregano; reduction in pathogen adhesion
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils from Origanum vulgare genotypes belonging to the carvacrol and thymol chemotypes / Zinno, Paola; Guantario, Barbara; Lombardi, Gabriele; Ranaldi, Giulia; Finamore, Alberto; Allegra, Sofia; Mammano, Michele Massimo; Fascella, Giancarlo; Raffo, Antonio; Roselli, Marianna. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:6(2023). [10.3390/plants12061344]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1678772
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