Several studies have shown that downregulation of GALNT2 (Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 2), encoding polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 2, decreases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and increases triglycerides levels by glycosylating key enzymes of lipid metabolism, such as angiopoietin like 3, apolipoprotein C-III, and phospholipid transfer protein. GALNT2 is also a positive modulator of insulin signaling and action, associated with in vivo insulin sensitivity and during adipogenesis strongly upregulates adiponectin. Thus, the hypothesis that GALNT2 affects HDL-C and triglycerides levels also through insulin sensitivity and/or circulating adiponectin, is tested. In 881 normoglycemic individuals the G allele of rs4846914 SNP at the GALNT2 locus, known to associate with GALNT2 downregulation, is associated with low HDL-C and high values of triglycerides, triglycerides/HDL-C ratio, and theHomeostatic Model Assessment of insulin resistance HOMAIR (p-values = 0.01, 0.027, 0.002, and 0.016, respectively). Conversely, no association is observed with serum adiponectin levels (p = 0.091). Importantly, HOMAIR significantly mediates a proportion of the genetic association with HDL-C (21%, 95% CI: 7–35%, p = 0.004) and triglyceride levels (32%, 95% CI: 4–59%, p = 0.023). The results are compatible with the hypothesis that, besides the effect on key lipid metabolism enzymes, GALNT2 alters HDL-C and triglyceride levels also indirectly through a positive effect on insulin sensitivity.

Leveraging Genetics to Address the Role of GALNT2 on Atherogenic Dyslipidemia / Di Paola, Rosa; Marucci, Antonella; Mangiacotti, Davide; Antonucci, Alessandra; Fontana, Andrea; Wang, Xuan; Qi, Lu; Menzaghi, Claudia; Trischitta, Vincenzo. - In: ADVANCED BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2701-0198. - (2023). [10.1002/adbi.202200319]

Leveraging Genetics to Address the Role of GALNT2 on Atherogenic Dyslipidemia

Vincenzo Trischitta
2023

Abstract

Several studies have shown that downregulation of GALNT2 (Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 2), encoding polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 2, decreases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and increases triglycerides levels by glycosylating key enzymes of lipid metabolism, such as angiopoietin like 3, apolipoprotein C-III, and phospholipid transfer protein. GALNT2 is also a positive modulator of insulin signaling and action, associated with in vivo insulin sensitivity and during adipogenesis strongly upregulates adiponectin. Thus, the hypothesis that GALNT2 affects HDL-C and triglycerides levels also through insulin sensitivity and/or circulating adiponectin, is tested. In 881 normoglycemic individuals the G allele of rs4846914 SNP at the GALNT2 locus, known to associate with GALNT2 downregulation, is associated with low HDL-C and high values of triglycerides, triglycerides/HDL-C ratio, and theHomeostatic Model Assessment of insulin resistance HOMAIR (p-values = 0.01, 0.027, 0.002, and 0.016, respectively). Conversely, no association is observed with serum adiponectin levels (p = 0.091). Importantly, HOMAIR significantly mediates a proportion of the genetic association with HDL-C (21%, 95% CI: 7–35%, p = 0.004) and triglyceride levels (32%, 95% CI: 4–59%, p = 0.023). The results are compatible with the hypothesis that, besides the effect on key lipid metabolism enzymes, GALNT2 alters HDL-C and triglyceride levels also indirectly through a positive effect on insulin sensitivity.
2023
GALNT2, dyslipidemia
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Leveraging Genetics to Address the Role of GALNT2 on Atherogenic Dyslipidemia / Di Paola, Rosa; Marucci, Antonella; Mangiacotti, Davide; Antonucci, Alessandra; Fontana, Andrea; Wang, Xuan; Qi, Lu; Menzaghi, Claudia; Trischitta, Vincenzo. - In: ADVANCED BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2701-0198. - (2023). [10.1002/adbi.202200319]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1678448
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