Objectives: Successful prediction of cardiac complications early in the course of acute ischaemic stroke could have an impact on the clinical management. Markers of myocardial injury on admission deserve investigation as potential predictors of poor outcome from stroke.Methods: We prospectively investigated 330 consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke admitted to our emergency department based stroke unit. We analysed the association of baseline levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnl) with (a) all-cause mortality over a six month follow up, and (b) inhospital death or major non-fatal cardiac event ( angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure).Results: cTnl levels on admission were normal (lower than 0.10 ng/ml) in 277 patients (83.9%), low positive (0.10-0.39 ng/ml) in 35 (10.6%), and high positive (0.40 ng/ml or higher) in 18 (5.5%). Six month survival decreased significantly across the three groups (p<0.0001, log rank test for trend). On multivariate analysis, cTnl level was an independent predictor of mortality (low positive cTnl, hazard ratio (HR) 2.14; 95% CI 1.13 to 4.05; p = 0.01; and high positive cTnl, HR 2.47; 95% CI 1.22 to 5.02; p = 0.01), together with age and stroke severity. cTnl also predicted a higher risk of the combined endpoint "inhospital death or non-fatal cardiac event''. Neither the adjustment for other potential confounders nor the adjustment for ECG changes and levels of CK-MB and myoglobin on admission altered these results.Conclusions: cTnl positivity on admission is an independent prognostic predictor in acute ischaemic stroke. Whether further evaluation and treatment of cTnl positive patients can reduce cardiac morbidity and mortality should be the focus of future research.

Prognostic significance of admission levels of troponin I in patients with acute ischaemic stroke / Di Angelantonio, E; Fiorelli, M; Toni, D; Sacchetti, M L; Lorenzano, S; Falcou, A; Ciarla, M V; Suppa, M; Bonanni, L; Bertazzoni, G; Aguglia, F; Argentino, C. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0022-3050. - 76:1(2005), pp. 76-81. [10.1136/jnnp.2004.041491]

Prognostic significance of admission levels of troponin I in patients with acute ischaemic stroke

Di Angelantonio, E
;
Fiorelli, M;Toni, D;Sacchetti, M L;Lorenzano, S;Falcou, A;Ciarla, M V;Suppa, M;Bonanni, L;Bertazzoni, G;Aguglia, F;Argentino, C
2005

Abstract

Objectives: Successful prediction of cardiac complications early in the course of acute ischaemic stroke could have an impact on the clinical management. Markers of myocardial injury on admission deserve investigation as potential predictors of poor outcome from stroke.Methods: We prospectively investigated 330 consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke admitted to our emergency department based stroke unit. We analysed the association of baseline levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnl) with (a) all-cause mortality over a six month follow up, and (b) inhospital death or major non-fatal cardiac event ( angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure).Results: cTnl levels on admission were normal (lower than 0.10 ng/ml) in 277 patients (83.9%), low positive (0.10-0.39 ng/ml) in 35 (10.6%), and high positive (0.40 ng/ml or higher) in 18 (5.5%). Six month survival decreased significantly across the three groups (p<0.0001, log rank test for trend). On multivariate analysis, cTnl level was an independent predictor of mortality (low positive cTnl, hazard ratio (HR) 2.14; 95% CI 1.13 to 4.05; p = 0.01; and high positive cTnl, HR 2.47; 95% CI 1.22 to 5.02; p = 0.01), together with age and stroke severity. cTnl also predicted a higher risk of the combined endpoint "inhospital death or non-fatal cardiac event''. Neither the adjustment for other potential confounders nor the adjustment for ECG changes and levels of CK-MB and myoglobin on admission altered these results.Conclusions: cTnl positivity on admission is an independent prognostic predictor in acute ischaemic stroke. Whether further evaluation and treatment of cTnl positive patients can reduce cardiac morbidity and mortality should be the focus of future research.
2005
troponin I; ischemic stroke; prognosis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prognostic significance of admission levels of troponin I in patients with acute ischaemic stroke / Di Angelantonio, E; Fiorelli, M; Toni, D; Sacchetti, M L; Lorenzano, S; Falcou, A; Ciarla, M V; Suppa, M; Bonanni, L; Bertazzoni, G; Aguglia, F; Argentino, C. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0022-3050. - 76:1(2005), pp. 76-81. [10.1136/jnnp.2004.041491]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677852
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