A numerical investigation into the hydrodynamic efficiency of an oscillating water column (OWC) device for the production of energy from sea waves under the conditions of regular and irregular waves is proposed. The numerical simulations were carried out using a two-dimensional version of a recently published three-dimensional free-surface nonhydrostatic numerical model, which is based on a conservative form of the contravariant Navier–Stokes equations written for a moving co-ordinate system. The governing equations are spatially discretized by a finite volume shock-capturing scheme based on high-order wave-targeted essentially nonoscillatory reconstructions and an exact Riemann solver. Time discretization was performed by a predictor-corrector method that took into account the nonhydrostatic pressure component. The proposed numerical model allowed us to highlight the significant differences between the hydrodynamic efficiency obtained under irregular waves and those obtained under regular monochromatic waves and provides more realistic evaluations of the OWC device performances. The results of the above comparison showed a reduction in the hydrodynamic efficiency of the OWC from 0.78 to about 0.54 when passing from regular waves to the corresponding irregular ones. The model was applied to assess the potential energy production obtainable by a set of OWCs at the Cetraro harbor (southern Italy). The numerical results show that, by adopting the optimal dimensions of the OWC, the estimated mean annual energy production obtainable at the Cetraro harbor is equal to 1540.52 MWh, which corresponds to the energy production of about 10 wind turbines with a nominal power of 60 KW.

Numerical Investigation into the Performance of an OWC Device under Regular and Irregular Waves / Cannata, Giovanni; Simone, Marco; Gallerano, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2077-1312. - 11:4(2023). [10.3390/jmse11040735]

Numerical Investigation into the Performance of an OWC Device under Regular and Irregular Waves

Giovanni Cannata;Marco Simone;Francesco Gallerano
2023

Abstract

A numerical investigation into the hydrodynamic efficiency of an oscillating water column (OWC) device for the production of energy from sea waves under the conditions of regular and irregular waves is proposed. The numerical simulations were carried out using a two-dimensional version of a recently published three-dimensional free-surface nonhydrostatic numerical model, which is based on a conservative form of the contravariant Navier–Stokes equations written for a moving co-ordinate system. The governing equations are spatially discretized by a finite volume shock-capturing scheme based on high-order wave-targeted essentially nonoscillatory reconstructions and an exact Riemann solver. Time discretization was performed by a predictor-corrector method that took into account the nonhydrostatic pressure component. The proposed numerical model allowed us to highlight the significant differences between the hydrodynamic efficiency obtained under irregular waves and those obtained under regular monochromatic waves and provides more realistic evaluations of the OWC device performances. The results of the above comparison showed a reduction in the hydrodynamic efficiency of the OWC from 0.78 to about 0.54 when passing from regular waves to the corresponding irregular ones. The model was applied to assess the potential energy production obtainable by a set of OWCs at the Cetraro harbor (southern Italy). The numerical results show that, by adopting the optimal dimensions of the OWC, the estimated mean annual energy production obtainable at the Cetraro harbor is equal to 1540.52 MWh, which corresponds to the energy production of about 10 wind turbines with a nominal power of 60 KW.
2023
contravariant Navier–Stokes equations; three-dimensional numerical model; oscillating water column; irregular waves
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Numerical Investigation into the Performance of an OWC Device under Regular and Irregular Waves / Cannata, Giovanni; Simone, Marco; Gallerano, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2077-1312. - 11:4(2023). [10.3390/jmse11040735]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677290
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