In recent years, the growing use of ART (assisted reproductive techniques) has led to a progressive improvement of protocols; embryo freezing is certainly one of the most important innovations. This technique is selectively offered as a tailored approach to reduce the incidence of multiple pregnancies and, most importantly, to lower the risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome when used in conjunction with an ovulation-triggering GnRH antagonist. The increase in transfer cycles with frozen embryos made it possible to study the effects of the technique in children thus conceived. Particularly noteworthy is the increase in macrosomal and LGA (large for gestational age) newborns, in addition to a decrease in SGA (small for gestational age) and LBW (low birth weight) newborns. The authors aimed to outline a broad-ranging narrative review by summarizing and elaborating on the most important evidence regarding the neonatal outcome of children born from frozen embryos and provide information on the medium and long-term follow- up of these children. However, given the relatively recent large-scale implementation of such techniques, further studies are needed to provide more conclusive evidence on outcomes and implications.

Neonatal outcomes and long-term follow-up of children born from frozen embryo, a narrative review of latest research findings / Gullo, Giuseppe; Scaglione, Marco; Cucinella, Gaspare; Chiantera, Vito; Perino, Antonino; Greco, Maria Elisabetta; Laganà, Antonio Simone; Marinelli, Enrico; Basile, Giuseppe; Zaami, Simona. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1010-660X. - 58:9(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/medicina58091218]

Neonatal outcomes and long-term follow-up of children born from frozen embryo, a narrative review of latest research findings

Marinelli, Enrico
;
Basile, Giuseppe;Zaami, Simona
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

In recent years, the growing use of ART (assisted reproductive techniques) has led to a progressive improvement of protocols; embryo freezing is certainly one of the most important innovations. This technique is selectively offered as a tailored approach to reduce the incidence of multiple pregnancies and, most importantly, to lower the risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome when used in conjunction with an ovulation-triggering GnRH antagonist. The increase in transfer cycles with frozen embryos made it possible to study the effects of the technique in children thus conceived. Particularly noteworthy is the increase in macrosomal and LGA (large for gestational age) newborns, in addition to a decrease in SGA (small for gestational age) and LBW (low birth weight) newborns. The authors aimed to outline a broad-ranging narrative review by summarizing and elaborating on the most important evidence regarding the neonatal outcome of children born from frozen embryos and provide information on the medium and long-term follow- up of these children. However, given the relatively recent large-scale implementation of such techniques, further studies are needed to provide more conclusive evidence on outcomes and implications.
2022
cryopreservation; fresh embryo transfer; frozen embryo transfer; neonatal outcomes; vitrification
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Neonatal outcomes and long-term follow-up of children born from frozen embryo, a narrative review of latest research findings / Gullo, Giuseppe; Scaglione, Marco; Cucinella, Gaspare; Chiantera, Vito; Perino, Antonino; Greco, Maria Elisabetta; Laganà, Antonio Simone; Marinelli, Enrico; Basile, Giuseppe; Zaami, Simona. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1010-660X. - 58:9(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/medicina58091218]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677270
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