All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) promotes the development and the function of insulin producing cells and induces partial differentiation of pancreatic tumor cells. A number of evidences clearly indicate that the ATRA mediated signaling may have a substantial role in therapeutic approaches based on restoration of functional beta-cells. Among the proteins up-regulated by ATRA, Vav1 is involved in maturation and function of haematopoietic cells and is essential for retinoids induced differentiation of tumor promyelocytes. The presence of Vav1 in solid tissues, including pancreas, is considered ectopic and no role in the differentiation of human epithelial cells has so far been described. We demonstrated here that Vav1 sustains the maturation to beta-cells of the normal precursors human Biliary Tree Stem/progenitor Cells (hBTSCs) induced by a differentiation medium containing ATRA and that, in the mature normal pancreas, insulin-producing cells express variable levels of Vav1. Using pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)-derived cells, we also revealed that the ATRA induced up-modulation of Vav1 is essential for the retinoid-induced trans-differentiation of neoplastic cells into insulin producing cells. The results of this study identify Vav1 as crucial molecule in ATRA induced maturation of insulin producing cells and suggest this protein as a marker for new strategies ended to restore functional beta-cells.

Vav1 sustains the in vitro differentiation of normal and tumor precursors to insulin producing cells induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) / Brugnoli, Federica; Grassilli, Silvia; Cardinale, Vincenzo; Carpino, Guido; Gaudio, Eugenio; Alvaro, Domenico; Capitani, Silvano; Bertagnolo, Valeria. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS AND REPORTS. - ISSN 2629-3277. - 17:2(2021), pp. 673-684. [10.1007/s12015-020-10074-x]

Vav1 sustains the in vitro differentiation of normal and tumor precursors to insulin producing cells induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)

Cardinale, Vincenzo;Carpino, Guido;Gaudio, Eugenio;Alvaro, Domenico;
2021

Abstract

All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) promotes the development and the function of insulin producing cells and induces partial differentiation of pancreatic tumor cells. A number of evidences clearly indicate that the ATRA mediated signaling may have a substantial role in therapeutic approaches based on restoration of functional beta-cells. Among the proteins up-regulated by ATRA, Vav1 is involved in maturation and function of haematopoietic cells and is essential for retinoids induced differentiation of tumor promyelocytes. The presence of Vav1 in solid tissues, including pancreas, is considered ectopic and no role in the differentiation of human epithelial cells has so far been described. We demonstrated here that Vav1 sustains the maturation to beta-cells of the normal precursors human Biliary Tree Stem/progenitor Cells (hBTSCs) induced by a differentiation medium containing ATRA and that, in the mature normal pancreas, insulin-producing cells express variable levels of Vav1. Using pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)-derived cells, we also revealed that the ATRA induced up-modulation of Vav1 is essential for the retinoid-induced trans-differentiation of neoplastic cells into insulin producing cells. The results of this study identify Vav1 as crucial molecule in ATRA induced maturation of insulin producing cells and suggest this protein as a marker for new strategies ended to restore functional beta-cells.
2021
all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA); human biliary tree stem/progenitor cells (hBTSCs); insulin producing cells; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells; vav1
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Vav1 sustains the in vitro differentiation of normal and tumor precursors to insulin producing cells induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) / Brugnoli, Federica; Grassilli, Silvia; Cardinale, Vincenzo; Carpino, Guido; Gaudio, Eugenio; Alvaro, Domenico; Capitani, Silvano; Bertagnolo, Valeria. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS AND REPORTS. - ISSN 2629-3277. - 17:2(2021), pp. 673-684. [10.1007/s12015-020-10074-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677252
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