BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is characterized by biliary senescence and hepatic fibrosis. Melatonin exerts its effects by interacting with Melatonin receptor 1 and 2 (MT1/MT2) melatonin receptors. Short-term (1 wk) melatonin treatment reduces a ductular reaction and liver fibrosis in bile duct-ligated rats by down-regulation of MT1 and clock genes, and in multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout (Mdr2(-/-)) mice by decreased miR200b-dependent angiogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of melatonin on liver phenotype that may be mediated by changes in MT1/clock genes/miR200b/maspin/glutathione-S transferase (GST) signaling.METHODS: Male wild-type and Mdr2(-/-) mice had access to drinking water with/without melatonin for 3 months. Liver damage, biliary proliferation/senescence, liver fibrosis, peribiliary inflammation, and angiogenesis were measured by staining in liver sections, and by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in liver samples. We confirmed a link between MT1/clock genes/miR200b/maspin/GST/angiogenesis signaling by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software and measured liver phenotypes and the aforementioned signaling pathway in liver samples from the mouse groups, healthy controls, and PSC patients and immortalized human PSC cholangiocytes.RESULTS: Chronic administration of melatonin to Mdr2(-/-) mice ameliorates liver phenotypes, which were associated with decreased MT1 and clock gene expression.CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin improves liver histology and restores the circadian rhythm by interaction with MT1 through decreased angiogenesis and increased maspin/GST activity.

Prolonged administration of melatonin ameliorates liver phenotypes in cholestatic murine model / Ceci, Ludovica; Chen, Lixian; Baiocchi, Leonardo; Wu, Nan; Kennedy, Lindsey; Carpino, Guido; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Zhou, Tianhao; Owen, Travis; Kundu, Debjyoti; Sybenga, Amelia; Isidan, Abdulkadir; Ekser, Burcin; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Gaudio, Eugenio; Mancinelli, Romina; Francis, Heather; Alpini, Gianfranco; Glaser, Shannon. - In: CMGH. - ISSN 2352-345X. - 14:4(2022), pp. 877-904. [10.1016/j.jcmgh.2022.07.007]

Prolonged administration of melatonin ameliorates liver phenotypes in cholestatic murine model

Ceci, Ludovica
Primo
;
Carpino, Guido;Franchitto, Antonio;Onori, Paolo;Gaudio, Eugenio;Mancinelli, Romina;Alpini, Gianfranco;
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is characterized by biliary senescence and hepatic fibrosis. Melatonin exerts its effects by interacting with Melatonin receptor 1 and 2 (MT1/MT2) melatonin receptors. Short-term (1 wk) melatonin treatment reduces a ductular reaction and liver fibrosis in bile duct-ligated rats by down-regulation of MT1 and clock genes, and in multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout (Mdr2(-/-)) mice by decreased miR200b-dependent angiogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of melatonin on liver phenotype that may be mediated by changes in MT1/clock genes/miR200b/maspin/glutathione-S transferase (GST) signaling.METHODS: Male wild-type and Mdr2(-/-) mice had access to drinking water with/without melatonin for 3 months. Liver damage, biliary proliferation/senescence, liver fibrosis, peribiliary inflammation, and angiogenesis were measured by staining in liver sections, and by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in liver samples. We confirmed a link between MT1/clock genes/miR200b/maspin/GST/angiogenesis signaling by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software and measured liver phenotypes and the aforementioned signaling pathway in liver samples from the mouse groups, healthy controls, and PSC patients and immortalized human PSC cholangiocytes.RESULTS: Chronic administration of melatonin to Mdr2(-/-) mice ameliorates liver phenotypes, which were associated with decreased MT1 and clock gene expression.CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin improves liver histology and restores the circadian rhythm by interaction with MT1 through decreased angiogenesis and increased maspin/GST activity.
2022
cholangiopathies; circadian rhythm; ductular reaction; TGFβ1
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prolonged administration of melatonin ameliorates liver phenotypes in cholestatic murine model / Ceci, Ludovica; Chen, Lixian; Baiocchi, Leonardo; Wu, Nan; Kennedy, Lindsey; Carpino, Guido; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Zhou, Tianhao; Owen, Travis; Kundu, Debjyoti; Sybenga, Amelia; Isidan, Abdulkadir; Ekser, Burcin; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Gaudio, Eugenio; Mancinelli, Romina; Francis, Heather; Alpini, Gianfranco; Glaser, Shannon. - In: CMGH. - ISSN 2352-345X. - 14:4(2022), pp. 877-904. [10.1016/j.jcmgh.2022.07.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677246
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