Background & Aims: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is characterised by ductopenia, ductular reaction, impairment of anion exchanger 2 (AE2) and the 'bicarbonate umbrella'. Ductulo-canalicular junction (DCJ) derangement is hypothesised to promote PBC progression. The secretin (Sct)/secretin receptor (SR) axis regulates cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor (CFTR) and AE2, thus promoting choleresis. We evaluated the role of Sct/SR signalling on biliary secretory processes and subsequent injury in a late-stage PBC mouse model and human samples. Methods: At 32 weeks of age, female and male wild-type and dominant-negative transforming growth factor beta receptor II (late -stage PBC model) mice were treated with Sct for 1 or 8 weeks. Bulk RNA-sequencing was performed in isolated cholangiocytes from mouse models. Results: Biliary Sct/SR/CFTR/AE2 expression and bile bicarbonate levels were reduced in late-stage PBC mouse models and human samples. Sct treatment decreased bile duct loss, ductular reaction, inflammation, and fibrosis in late-stage PBC models. Sct reduced hepatic bile acid levels, modified bile acid composition, and restored the DCJ and 'bicarbonate umbrella'. RNA -sequencing identified that Sct promoted mature epithelial marker expression, specifically anterior grade protein 2 (Agr2). Late -stage PBC models and human samples exhibited reduced biliary mucin 1 levels, which were enhanced by Sct treatment. Conclusion: Loss of Sct/SR signalling in late-stage PBC results in a faulty 'bicarbonate umbrella' and reduced Agr2-mediated mucin production. Sct restores cholangiocyte secretory processes and DCJ formation through enhanced mature chol-angiocyte phenotypes and bile duct growth. Sct treatment may be beneficial for individuals with late-stage PBC. (c) 2022 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Secretin alleviates biliary and liver injury during late-stage primary biliary cholangitis via restoration of secretory processes / Kennedy, Lindsey; Carpino, Guido; Owen, Travis; Ceci, Ludovica; Kundu, Debjyoti; Meadows, Vik; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Isidan, Abdulkadir; Zhang, Wenjun; Ekser, Burcin; Alvaro, Domenico; Gaudio, Eugenio; Gershwin, M Eric; Francis, Heather; Glaser, Shannon; Alpini, Gianfranco. - In: JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-8278. - 78:1(2023), pp. 99-113. [10.1016/j.jhep.2022.07.034]

Secretin alleviates biliary and liver injury during late-stage primary biliary cholangitis via restoration of secretory processes

Carpino, Guido;Ceci, Ludovica;Franchitto, Antonio;Onori, Paolo;Alvaro, Domenico;Gaudio, Eugenio;Alpini, Gianfranco
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background & Aims: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is characterised by ductopenia, ductular reaction, impairment of anion exchanger 2 (AE2) and the 'bicarbonate umbrella'. Ductulo-canalicular junction (DCJ) derangement is hypothesised to promote PBC progression. The secretin (Sct)/secretin receptor (SR) axis regulates cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor (CFTR) and AE2, thus promoting choleresis. We evaluated the role of Sct/SR signalling on biliary secretory processes and subsequent injury in a late-stage PBC mouse model and human samples. Methods: At 32 weeks of age, female and male wild-type and dominant-negative transforming growth factor beta receptor II (late -stage PBC model) mice were treated with Sct for 1 or 8 weeks. Bulk RNA-sequencing was performed in isolated cholangiocytes from mouse models. Results: Biliary Sct/SR/CFTR/AE2 expression and bile bicarbonate levels were reduced in late-stage PBC mouse models and human samples. Sct treatment decreased bile duct loss, ductular reaction, inflammation, and fibrosis in late-stage PBC models. Sct reduced hepatic bile acid levels, modified bile acid composition, and restored the DCJ and 'bicarbonate umbrella'. RNA -sequencing identified that Sct promoted mature epithelial marker expression, specifically anterior grade protein 2 (Agr2). Late -stage PBC models and human samples exhibited reduced biliary mucin 1 levels, which were enhanced by Sct treatment. Conclusion: Loss of Sct/SR signalling in late-stage PBC results in a faulty 'bicarbonate umbrella' and reduced Agr2-mediated mucin production. Sct restores cholangiocyte secretory processes and DCJ formation through enhanced mature chol-angiocyte phenotypes and bile duct growth. Sct treatment may be beneficial for individuals with late-stage PBC. (c) 2022 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2023
anterior grade 2 protein; bicarbonate umbrella; cholangiocytes; mucin
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Secretin alleviates biliary and liver injury during late-stage primary biliary cholangitis via restoration of secretory processes / Kennedy, Lindsey; Carpino, Guido; Owen, Travis; Ceci, Ludovica; Kundu, Debjyoti; Meadows, Vik; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Isidan, Abdulkadir; Zhang, Wenjun; Ekser, Burcin; Alvaro, Domenico; Gaudio, Eugenio; Gershwin, M Eric; Francis, Heather; Glaser, Shannon; Alpini, Gianfranco. - In: JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-8278. - 78:1(2023), pp. 99-113. [10.1016/j.jhep.2022.07.034]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677245
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