Background aims: Secretin (SCT) and secretin receptors (SR, only expressed in cholangiocytes within the liver) play key roles in modulating liver phenotypes. Forkhead box A2 (FoxA2) is required for normal bile duct homeostasis by preventing excess of cholangiocyte proliferation. Short-term administration of the SR antagonist (SCT 5-27) decreased ductular reaction (DR) and liver fibrosis in bile duct ligated and Mdr2-/- (primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, model) mice. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and risks of long-term SCT 5-27 treatment in Mdr2-/- mice. Approach results: In vivo studies were performed in male wild-type (WT) and Mdr2-/- mice treated with saline or SCT 5-27 for 3 months and human samples from late-stage PSC patients and healthy controls. The biliary SCT/SR expression and SCT serum levels increased in Mdr2-/- mice and late-stage PSC patients compared to controls. There was a significant increase in DR, biliary senescence, liver inflammation, angiogenesis, fibrosis, biliary expression of TGF-β1/VEGF-A axis, and biliary phosphorylation of PKA and ERK1/2 in Mdr2-/- mice. The biliary expression of miR-125b and FoxA2 decreased in Mdr2-/- compared to WT mice, which was reversed by long-term SCT 5-27 treatment. In vitro, SCT 5-27 treatment of a human biliary PSC cell line decreased proliferation and senescence and SR/TGF-β1/VEGF-A axis but increased the expression of miR-125b and FoxA2. Down-regulation of FoxA2 prevented SCT 5-27-induced reduction in biliary damage, whereas overexpression of FoxA2 reduced proliferation and senescence in the human PSC cell line. Conclusions: Modulating the SCT/SR axis may be critical for managing PSC.

Prolonged administration of a secretin receptor antagonist inhibits biliary senescence and liver fibrosis in Mdr2-/- mice / Wu, Nan; Zhou, Tianhao; Carpino, Guido; Baiocchi, Leonardo; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Kennedy, Lindsey; Ceci, Ludovica; Chen, Lixian; Wu, Chaodong; Kundu, Debjyoti; Barupala, Nipuni; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Ekser, Burcin; Gaudio, Eugenio; Francis, Heather; Glaser, Shannon; Alpini, Gianfranco. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - Publish Ahead of Print:(2023). [10.1097/HEP.0000000000000310]

Prolonged administration of a secretin receptor antagonist inhibits biliary senescence and liver fibrosis in Mdr2-/- mice

Carpino, Guido;Ceci, Ludovica;Franchitto, Antonio;Onori, Paolo;Gaudio, Eugenio;Alpini, Gianfranco
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background aims: Secretin (SCT) and secretin receptors (SR, only expressed in cholangiocytes within the liver) play key roles in modulating liver phenotypes. Forkhead box A2 (FoxA2) is required for normal bile duct homeostasis by preventing excess of cholangiocyte proliferation. Short-term administration of the SR antagonist (SCT 5-27) decreased ductular reaction (DR) and liver fibrosis in bile duct ligated and Mdr2-/- (primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, model) mice. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and risks of long-term SCT 5-27 treatment in Mdr2-/- mice. Approach results: In vivo studies were performed in male wild-type (WT) and Mdr2-/- mice treated with saline or SCT 5-27 for 3 months and human samples from late-stage PSC patients and healthy controls. The biliary SCT/SR expression and SCT serum levels increased in Mdr2-/- mice and late-stage PSC patients compared to controls. There was a significant increase in DR, biliary senescence, liver inflammation, angiogenesis, fibrosis, biliary expression of TGF-β1/VEGF-A axis, and biliary phosphorylation of PKA and ERK1/2 in Mdr2-/- mice. The biliary expression of miR-125b and FoxA2 decreased in Mdr2-/- compared to WT mice, which was reversed by long-term SCT 5-27 treatment. In vitro, SCT 5-27 treatment of a human biliary PSC cell line decreased proliferation and senescence and SR/TGF-β1/VEGF-A axis but increased the expression of miR-125b and FoxA2. Down-regulation of FoxA2 prevented SCT 5-27-induced reduction in biliary damage, whereas overexpression of FoxA2 reduced proliferation and senescence in the human PSC cell line. Conclusions: Modulating the SCT/SR axis may be critical for managing PSC.
2023
Cholangiopathies; ductular reaction; gastrointestinal hormones; liver inflammation; TGF-beta1
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prolonged administration of a secretin receptor antagonist inhibits biliary senescence and liver fibrosis in Mdr2-/- mice / Wu, Nan; Zhou, Tianhao; Carpino, Guido; Baiocchi, Leonardo; Kyritsi, Konstantina; Kennedy, Lindsey; Ceci, Ludovica; Chen, Lixian; Wu, Chaodong; Kundu, Debjyoti; Barupala, Nipuni; Franchitto, Antonio; Onori, Paolo; Ekser, Burcin; Gaudio, Eugenio; Francis, Heather; Glaser, Shannon; Alpini, Gianfranco. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - Publish Ahead of Print:(2023). [10.1097/HEP.0000000000000310]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1677234
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