The realization of a fully decarbonized mobility and energy system requires the availability of carbon-free electricity and fuels which can be ensured only by cost-efficient and sustainable energy storage technologies. In line with this demand, a techno-economic evaluation of aluminum as a cross-sectoral renewable energy carrier is conducted. The assessment, based on a newly developed process, involves the wet combustion of Aluminum at 700 degrees C resulting in heat and hydrogen (H-2) generation. The designed conversion plant enables the contemporaneous generation of electricity and on demand H-2 (up to 4 MW and 46.8 kg h(-1)) with round-trip efficiencies as high as 40.7% and full recycling of the Al2O3 waste. This study, assuming the carbon-free production of Al and three different energy cost scenarios, proves the feasibility of the e-fueling station business case. The overall energy conversion including fuel production (power-to-Al), utilization (Al-to-power and Al-to-H-2), and recycling requires a capital investment of 5200 euro per kW installed power without additional primary material demand. Hence, the estimated power-to-X cost for the Al-based H-2 is estimated in the range of 4.2-9.6 euro kg(-1) H-2, while wind and solar power based green H-2 production cost varies from 6.5 to 12.1 euro kg(-1) H-2.

Hybrid energy storage and hydrogen supply based on aluminum-a multiservice case for electric mobility and energy storage services / Ersoy, Hüseyin; Baumann, Manuel; Barelli, Linda; Ottaviano, Andrea; Trombetti, Lorenzo; Weil, Marcel; Passerini, Stefano. - In: ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES. - ISSN 2365-709X. - 7:8(2022). [10.1002/admt.202101400]

Hybrid energy storage and hydrogen supply based on aluminum-a multiservice case for electric mobility and energy storage services

Passerini, Stefano
2022

Abstract

The realization of a fully decarbonized mobility and energy system requires the availability of carbon-free electricity and fuels which can be ensured only by cost-efficient and sustainable energy storage technologies. In line with this demand, a techno-economic evaluation of aluminum as a cross-sectoral renewable energy carrier is conducted. The assessment, based on a newly developed process, involves the wet combustion of Aluminum at 700 degrees C resulting in heat and hydrogen (H-2) generation. The designed conversion plant enables the contemporaneous generation of electricity and on demand H-2 (up to 4 MW and 46.8 kg h(-1)) with round-trip efficiencies as high as 40.7% and full recycling of the Al2O3 waste. This study, assuming the carbon-free production of Al and three different energy cost scenarios, proves the feasibility of the e-fueling station business case. The overall energy conversion including fuel production (power-to-Al), utilization (Al-to-power and Al-to-H-2), and recycling requires a capital investment of 5200 euro per kW installed power without additional primary material demand. Hence, the estimated power-to-X cost for the Al-based H-2 is estimated in the range of 4.2-9.6 euro kg(-1) H-2, while wind and solar power based green H-2 production cost varies from 6.5 to 12.1 euro kg(-1) H-2.
2022
aluminum; electric vehicles; energy storage; hydrogen; metal; power-to-X; renewable energy carriers
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Hybrid energy storage and hydrogen supply based on aluminum-a multiservice case for electric mobility and energy storage services / Ersoy, Hüseyin; Baumann, Manuel; Barelli, Linda; Ottaviano, Andrea; Trombetti, Lorenzo; Weil, Marcel; Passerini, Stefano. - In: ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES. - ISSN 2365-709X. - 7:8(2022). [10.1002/admt.202101400]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1676918
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