IntroductionDespite numerous ECG algorithms being developed to localize the site of manifest accessory pathways (AP), they often require stepwise multiple-lead analysis with variable accuracy, limitations, and reproducibility. The study aimed to develop a single-lead ECG algorithm incorporating the P-Delta interval (PDI) as an adjunct criterion to discriminate between right and left manifest AP. MethodsConsecutive WPW patients undergoing electrophysiological study (EPS) were retrospectively recruited and split into a derivation and validation group (1:1 ratio). Sinus rhythm ECG analysis in lead V1 was performed by three independent investigators blinded to the EPS results. Conventional ECG parameters and PDI were assessed through the global cohort. ResultsA total of 140 WPW patients were included (70 for each group). A score-based, single-lead ECG algorithm was developed through derivation analysis incorporating the PDI, R/S ratio, and QRS onset polarity in lead V1. The validation group analysis confirmed the proposed algorithm's high accuracy (95%), which was superior to the previous ones in predicting the AP side (p < 0.05). A score of <=+1 was 96.5% accurate in predicting right AP while a score of >=+2 was 92.5% accurate in predicting left AP. The new algorithm maintained optimal performance in specific subgroups of the global cohort showing an accuracy rate of 90%, 92%, and 96% in minimal pre-excitation, posteroseptal AP, and pediatric patients, respectively. ConclusionsA novel single-lead ECG algorithm incorporating the PDI interval with previous conventional criteria showed high accuracy in differentiating right from left manifest AP comprising pediatric and minimal pre-excitation subgroups in the current study.

A Single-lead ECG algorithm to differentiate right from left manifest accessory pathways. A reappraisal of the P-Delta interval / Ali, Hussam; De Lucia, Carmine; Cristiano, Ernesto; Lupo, Pierpaolo; Foresti, Sara; De Ambroggi, Guido; Turturiello, Dario; Paganini, Edoardo Maria; Bessi, Riccardo; Farghaly, Ahmad Abdelrady Abdelsalam; Francia, Pietro; Cappato, Riccardo. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1540-8167. - 34:3(2023), pp. 598-606. [10.1111/jce.15818]

A Single-lead ECG algorithm to differentiate right from left manifest accessory pathways. A reappraisal of the P-Delta interval

Francia, Pietro;
2023

Abstract

IntroductionDespite numerous ECG algorithms being developed to localize the site of manifest accessory pathways (AP), they often require stepwise multiple-lead analysis with variable accuracy, limitations, and reproducibility. The study aimed to develop a single-lead ECG algorithm incorporating the P-Delta interval (PDI) as an adjunct criterion to discriminate between right and left manifest AP. MethodsConsecutive WPW patients undergoing electrophysiological study (EPS) were retrospectively recruited and split into a derivation and validation group (1:1 ratio). Sinus rhythm ECG analysis in lead V1 was performed by three independent investigators blinded to the EPS results. Conventional ECG parameters and PDI were assessed through the global cohort. ResultsA total of 140 WPW patients were included (70 for each group). A score-based, single-lead ECG algorithm was developed through derivation analysis incorporating the PDI, R/S ratio, and QRS onset polarity in lead V1. The validation group analysis confirmed the proposed algorithm's high accuracy (95%), which was superior to the previous ones in predicting the AP side (p < 0.05). A score of <=+1 was 96.5% accurate in predicting right AP while a score of >=+2 was 92.5% accurate in predicting left AP. The new algorithm maintained optimal performance in specific subgroups of the global cohort showing an accuracy rate of 90%, 92%, and 96% in minimal pre-excitation, posteroseptal AP, and pediatric patients, respectively. ConclusionsA novel single-lead ECG algorithm incorporating the PDI interval with previous conventional criteria showed high accuracy in differentiating right from left manifest AP comprising pediatric and minimal pre-excitation subgroups in the current study.
2023
ecg algorithm; p-delta interval; wpw; accessory pathway
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A Single-lead ECG algorithm to differentiate right from left manifest accessory pathways. A reappraisal of the P-Delta interval / Ali, Hussam; De Lucia, Carmine; Cristiano, Ernesto; Lupo, Pierpaolo; Foresti, Sara; De Ambroggi, Guido; Turturiello, Dario; Paganini, Edoardo Maria; Bessi, Riccardo; Farghaly, Ahmad Abdelrady Abdelsalam; Francia, Pietro; Cappato, Riccardo. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1540-8167. - 34:3(2023), pp. 598-606. [10.1111/jce.15818]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1675979
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