Amaranthus is a genus taxonomically complex because of its high morphological variability, which led to nomenclatural disorders, misapplication of names, and misidentifications. Floristic and taxonomic studies on this genus are still incomplete, and many questions remain open. Seed micromorphology has been shown to play an important role in the taxonomy of plants. Regarding Amaranthaceae and Amaranthus, investigations are rare, and they refer to one or a few species. With the primary aim to test if seed features are helpful in the taxonomy of Amaranthus, we here present a detailed SEM study on seed micromorphology in 25 Amaranthus taxa using morphometric methods. Seeds were collected from field surveys and herbarium specimens; 14 seed coat features (7 qualitative and 7 quantitative) were measured on 111 samples (up to 5 seeds per sample). The results obtained revealed that seeds micromorphology provides interesting new taxonomic data concerning some taxa (species and below ranks). In fact, we were able to distinguish a few seed types, including one or more taxa, i.e., blitum-type, crassipes-type, deflexus-type, tuberculatus-type, and viridis-type. On the other hand, seed features are not useful for other species, for example, those included in the deflexus-type (A. deflexus, A. vulgatissimus, A. cacciatoi, A. spinosus, A. dubius, and A. stadleyanus). A diagnostic key of the studied taxa is proposed. Subgenera cannot be distinguished using seed features, thus confirming the published molecular data. All these facts reveal, once again, the taxonomic complexity of the genus Amaranthus since, e.g., just a few seed types can be defined.

Trying to understand the complicated taxonomy in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). Insights on seeds micromorphology / Iamonico, Duilio; Noor Hussain, Amara; Sindhu, Arya; nair Saradamma Anil Kumar, Venugopalan; Shaheen, Shabnum; Munir, Mamoona; Fortini, Paola. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:5(2023). [10.3390/plants12050987]

Trying to understand the complicated taxonomy in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). Insights on seeds micromorphology

Duilio Iamonico;
2023

Abstract

Amaranthus is a genus taxonomically complex because of its high morphological variability, which led to nomenclatural disorders, misapplication of names, and misidentifications. Floristic and taxonomic studies on this genus are still incomplete, and many questions remain open. Seed micromorphology has been shown to play an important role in the taxonomy of plants. Regarding Amaranthaceae and Amaranthus, investigations are rare, and they refer to one or a few species. With the primary aim to test if seed features are helpful in the taxonomy of Amaranthus, we here present a detailed SEM study on seed micromorphology in 25 Amaranthus taxa using morphometric methods. Seeds were collected from field surveys and herbarium specimens; 14 seed coat features (7 qualitative and 7 quantitative) were measured on 111 samples (up to 5 seeds per sample). The results obtained revealed that seeds micromorphology provides interesting new taxonomic data concerning some taxa (species and below ranks). In fact, we were able to distinguish a few seed types, including one or more taxa, i.e., blitum-type, crassipes-type, deflexus-type, tuberculatus-type, and viridis-type. On the other hand, seed features are not useful for other species, for example, those included in the deflexus-type (A. deflexus, A. vulgatissimus, A. cacciatoi, A. spinosus, A. dubius, and A. stadleyanus). A diagnostic key of the studied taxa is proposed. Subgenera cannot be distinguished using seed features, thus confirming the published molecular data. All these facts reveal, once again, the taxonomic complexity of the genus Amaranthus since, e.g., just a few seed types can be defined.
2023
amaranthus; classification; coat ornamentation; sem; species; statistical analysis; taxa
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Trying to understand the complicated taxonomy in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). Insights on seeds micromorphology / Iamonico, Duilio; Noor Hussain, Amara; Sindhu, Arya; nair Saradamma Anil Kumar, Venugopalan; Shaheen, Shabnum; Munir, Mamoona; Fortini, Paola. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:5(2023). [10.3390/plants12050987]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1674685
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