The chemical content of essential oils (EO) obtained from the leaves of four Pinaceae (Abies alba, Picea abies, Pinus cembra and Pinus mugo) was investigated by SPME-GC-MS technique. The vapor phase was characterized by the monoterpenes with values higher than 95.0%. Among them, a-pinene (24.7–48.5%), limonene (17.2–33.1%) and b-myrcene (9.2–27.8%) were the most abundant. The monoterpenic fraction prevailed over the sesquiterpenic one ( 74.7%) in the EO liquid phase. Limonene was the major compound in A. alba (30.4%), P. abies (20.3%) and P. mugo (78.5%), while a-pinene in P. cembra (36.2%). Regarding the phytotoxic properties, EOs were studied at different doses (2–100 L) and concentrations (2–20/100 L/mL). All EOs were found to be significantly active (p-value < 0.05) against the two recipient species in a dose-dependent way. In pre-emergence tests, germination of Lolium multiflorum and Sinapis alba was reduced by up to 62–66% and 65–82%, respectively, as well as their growth by up to 60–74% and 65–67%, due to the effects of compounds in both the vapor and liquid phases. In post-emergence cconditions, at the highest concentration, the phytotoxicity of EOs caused heavy symptoms and, in the case of S. alba, A. alba EO completely destroyed (100%) the treated seedlings.

Vapor and Liquid Phase Profiles of Essential Oils from Abies, Picea and Pinus Species and Their Phytotoxic Interactions with Weed Growth in Pre- and Post-Emergence Conditions / Garzoli, Stefania; Vaglia, Valentina; Iriti, Marcello; Vitalini, Sara. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:5(2023). [10.3390/plants12051172]

Vapor and Liquid Phase Profiles of Essential Oils from Abies, Picea and Pinus Species and Their Phytotoxic Interactions with Weed Growth in Pre- and Post-Emergence Conditions

Stefania Garzoli
Primo
;
2023

Abstract

The chemical content of essential oils (EO) obtained from the leaves of four Pinaceae (Abies alba, Picea abies, Pinus cembra and Pinus mugo) was investigated by SPME-GC-MS technique. The vapor phase was characterized by the monoterpenes with values higher than 95.0%. Among them, a-pinene (24.7–48.5%), limonene (17.2–33.1%) and b-myrcene (9.2–27.8%) were the most abundant. The monoterpenic fraction prevailed over the sesquiterpenic one ( 74.7%) in the EO liquid phase. Limonene was the major compound in A. alba (30.4%), P. abies (20.3%) and P. mugo (78.5%), while a-pinene in P. cembra (36.2%). Regarding the phytotoxic properties, EOs were studied at different doses (2–100 L) and concentrations (2–20/100 L/mL). All EOs were found to be significantly active (p-value < 0.05) against the two recipient species in a dose-dependent way. In pre-emergence tests, germination of Lolium multiflorum and Sinapis alba was reduced by up to 62–66% and 65–82%, respectively, as well as their growth by up to 60–74% and 65–67%, due to the effects of compounds in both the vapor and liquid phases. In post-emergence cconditions, at the highest concentration, the phytotoxicity of EOs caused heavy symptoms and, in the case of S. alba, A. alba EO completely destroyed (100%) the treated seedlings.
2023
Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus cembra; Pinus mugo; chemical volatile composition; SPME-GC-MS; allelopathy; weed management
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Vapor and Liquid Phase Profiles of Essential Oils from Abies, Picea and Pinus Species and Their Phytotoxic Interactions with Weed Growth in Pre- and Post-Emergence Conditions / Garzoli, Stefania; Vaglia, Valentina; Iriti, Marcello; Vitalini, Sara. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 12:5(2023). [10.3390/plants12051172]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1673600
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