Background: Recommended vaccinations are the cheapest and most effective measure to reduce the risk of transmission and related complications, especially in high-risk healthcare settings. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of HCWs in relation to national recommendations. Methods: A transversal study was conducted through administration of a questionnaire by personal interview. The following care units were involved: Paediatric, Neonatal, Cardiac Surgery and General Intensive Care Units and Infectious Diseases Unit. Results: The study sample comprised 308 HCWs. Half the sample were aware of the vaccination recommendations, with occupation and age found to be predictive factors (OR = 9.38, 95%CI: 2.07-42.41; OR = 0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.60). A higher percentage defined the diseases as a risk for their patients' health, although this perception was lower in the over-40 age group. In several cases, there were statistically significant differences between the care units (p < 0.001). Around three-quarters of the sample agreed that vaccination should be mandatory; willingness to undergo a future booster vaccination was statistically correlated with the variables of age and care unit (p < 0.001, p = 0.03). Conclusion: The protection of health in the workplace can be achieved through some strategic actions, such as the implementation of educational strategies, and protocols for the monitoring of immunocompetence and the improvement of vaccination.

Analysis of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of health are workers towards vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccinations. An observational study in a teaching hospital / Riccio, Marianna; Marte, Mattia; Imeshtari, Valentin; Vezza, Francesca; Barletta, Vanessa India; Shaholli, David; Colaprico, Corrado; Di Chiara, Maria; Caresta, Elena; Terrin, Gianluca; Papoff, Paola; La Torre, Giuseppe. - In: VACCINES. - ISSN 2076-393X. - 11:1(2023), pp. 1-22. [10.3390/vaccines11010196]

Analysis of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of health are workers towards vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccinations. An observational study in a teaching hospital

Marte, Mattia;Imeshtari, Valentin;Vezza, Francesca;Barletta, Vanessa India;Shaholli, David;Colaprico, Corrado;Di Chiara, Maria;Caresta, Elena;Terrin, Gianluca;Papoff, Paola;La Torre, Giuseppe
2023

Abstract

Background: Recommended vaccinations are the cheapest and most effective measure to reduce the risk of transmission and related complications, especially in high-risk healthcare settings. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of HCWs in relation to national recommendations. Methods: A transversal study was conducted through administration of a questionnaire by personal interview. The following care units were involved: Paediatric, Neonatal, Cardiac Surgery and General Intensive Care Units and Infectious Diseases Unit. Results: The study sample comprised 308 HCWs. Half the sample were aware of the vaccination recommendations, with occupation and age found to be predictive factors (OR = 9.38, 95%CI: 2.07-42.41; OR = 0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.60). A higher percentage defined the diseases as a risk for their patients' health, although this perception was lower in the over-40 age group. In several cases, there were statistically significant differences between the care units (p < 0.001). Around three-quarters of the sample agreed that vaccination should be mandatory; willingness to undergo a future booster vaccination was statistically correlated with the variables of age and care unit (p < 0.001, p = 0.03). Conclusion: The protection of health in the workplace can be achieved through some strategic actions, such as the implementation of educational strategies, and protocols for the monitoring of immunocompetence and the improvement of vaccination.
2023
attitudes; behaviour; healthcare workers; knowledge; recommendations; vaccination
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Analysis of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of health are workers towards vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccinations. An observational study in a teaching hospital / Riccio, Marianna; Marte, Mattia; Imeshtari, Valentin; Vezza, Francesca; Barletta, Vanessa India; Shaholli, David; Colaprico, Corrado; Di Chiara, Maria; Caresta, Elena; Terrin, Gianluca; Papoff, Paola; La Torre, Giuseppe. - In: VACCINES. - ISSN 2076-393X. - 11:1(2023), pp. 1-22. [10.3390/vaccines11010196]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1673270
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