Background and Objectives Recent imaging studies have suggested a possible involvement of the choroid plexus (CP) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we investigated whether CP changes are already detectable at the earliest stage of MS, preceding symptom onset. Methods This study is a retrospective analysis of 27 patients with presymptomatic MS, 97 patients with clinically definite MS (CDMS), and 53 healthy controls (HCs) who underwent a cross-sectional 3T-MRI acquisition; of which, 22 MS, 19 HCs, and 1 presymptomatic MS (evaluated 8 months before conversion to CDMS) also underwent translocator protein (TSPO) F-18-DPA-714 PET and were included in the analysis. CPs were manually segmented on 3D T1-weighted images for volumetric analysis. CP F-18-DPA-714 uptake, reflecting inflammation, was calculated as the average standardized uptake value (SUV). Multivariable regressions adjusted for age, sex, and ventricular and brain volume were fitted to test CP volume differences between presymptomatic patients and MS or HCs. For the presymptomatic case who also had F-18-DPA-714 PET, CP SUV differences with MS and HCs were assessed through Crawford-Howell tests. To provide further insight into the interpretation of F-18-DPA-714-PET uptake at the CP level, a postmortem analysis of CPs in MS vs HCs was performed to characterize the cellular localization of TSPO expression. Results Compared with HCs, patients with presymptomatic MS had 32% larger CPs (beta = 0.38, p = 0.001), which were not dissimilar to MS CPs (p = 0.69). Moreover, in the baseline scan of the presymptomatic case who later on developed MS, TSPO PET showed 33% greater CP inflammation vs HCs (p = 0.04), although no differences in F-18-DPA-714 uptake were found in parenchymal regions vs controls. CP postmortem analysis identified a population of CD163(+) mononuclear phagocytes expressing TSPO in MS, possibly contributing to the increased F-18-DPA-714 uptake. Discussion We identified an imaging signature in CPs at the presymptomatic MS stage using MRI; in addition, we found an increased CP inflammation with PET in a single presymptomatic patient. These findings suggest a role of CP imaging as an early biomarker and argue for the involvement of the blood-CSF barrier dysfunction in disease development.

Imaging Characteristics of Choroid Plexuses in Presymptomatic Multiple Sclerosis. A Retrospective Study / Ricigliano, Vito A G; Louapre, Céline; Poirion, Emilie; Colombi, Annalisa; Yazdan Panah, Arya; Lazzarotto, Andrea; Morena, Emanuele; Martin, Elodie; Bottlaender, Michel; Bodini, Benedetta; Seilhean, Danielle; Stankoff, Bruno. - In: NEUROLOGY® NEUROIMMUNOLOGY & NEUROINFLAMMATION. - ISSN 2332-7812. - 9:6(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1212/NXI.0000000000200026]

Imaging Characteristics of Choroid Plexuses in Presymptomatic Multiple Sclerosis. A Retrospective Study

Morena, Emanuele;Bodini, Benedetta;
2022

Abstract

Background and Objectives Recent imaging studies have suggested a possible involvement of the choroid plexus (CP) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we investigated whether CP changes are already detectable at the earliest stage of MS, preceding symptom onset. Methods This study is a retrospective analysis of 27 patients with presymptomatic MS, 97 patients with clinically definite MS (CDMS), and 53 healthy controls (HCs) who underwent a cross-sectional 3T-MRI acquisition; of which, 22 MS, 19 HCs, and 1 presymptomatic MS (evaluated 8 months before conversion to CDMS) also underwent translocator protein (TSPO) F-18-DPA-714 PET and were included in the analysis. CPs were manually segmented on 3D T1-weighted images for volumetric analysis. CP F-18-DPA-714 uptake, reflecting inflammation, was calculated as the average standardized uptake value (SUV). Multivariable regressions adjusted for age, sex, and ventricular and brain volume were fitted to test CP volume differences between presymptomatic patients and MS or HCs. For the presymptomatic case who also had F-18-DPA-714 PET, CP SUV differences with MS and HCs were assessed through Crawford-Howell tests. To provide further insight into the interpretation of F-18-DPA-714-PET uptake at the CP level, a postmortem analysis of CPs in MS vs HCs was performed to characterize the cellular localization of TSPO expression. Results Compared with HCs, patients with presymptomatic MS had 32% larger CPs (beta = 0.38, p = 0.001), which were not dissimilar to MS CPs (p = 0.69). Moreover, in the baseline scan of the presymptomatic case who later on developed MS, TSPO PET showed 33% greater CP inflammation vs HCs (p = 0.04), although no differences in F-18-DPA-714 uptake were found in parenchymal regions vs controls. CP postmortem analysis identified a population of CD163(+) mononuclear phagocytes expressing TSPO in MS, possibly contributing to the increased F-18-DPA-714 uptake. Discussion We identified an imaging signature in CPs at the presymptomatic MS stage using MRI; in addition, we found an increased CP inflammation with PET in a single presymptomatic patient. These findings suggest a role of CP imaging as an early biomarker and argue for the involvement of the blood-CSF barrier dysfunction in disease development.
2022
choroid plexuses; presymptomatic; multiple sclerosis; neuroimaging
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Imaging Characteristics of Choroid Plexuses in Presymptomatic Multiple Sclerosis. A Retrospective Study / Ricigliano, Vito A G; Louapre, Céline; Poirion, Emilie; Colombi, Annalisa; Yazdan Panah, Arya; Lazzarotto, Andrea; Morena, Emanuele; Martin, Elodie; Bottlaender, Michel; Bodini, Benedetta; Seilhean, Danielle; Stankoff, Bruno. - In: NEUROLOGY® NEUROIMMUNOLOGY & NEUROINFLAMMATION. - ISSN 2332-7812. - 9:6(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1212/NXI.0000000000200026]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1672940
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