According to the gender paradox in suicidology, an important sex difference has been reported with a preponderance of females in nonfatal suicidal behavior and a preponderance of males in completed suicide. Furthermore, females and males present different risk factors for suicide. The present study explored possible clinical differences between male and female psychiatric inpatients who had recently attempted suicide. The study included 177 adult inpatients hospitalized following a suicide attempt at the University Psychiatric Clinic, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome. Clinical features assessed included psychiatric diagnosis, method and lethality of suicide attempts using the Risk/Rescue Rating Scale, the history of suicide attempts, age at onset of psychiatric illness, the presence of substance or alcohol use, and the length of stay. The results found that males and females differed in the method used for the suicide attempt, the scores for risk and rescue, and the length of hospitalization post-suicide attempt. In conclusion, identifying gender characteristics of patients at higher risk of suicide is important for implementing specific suicide prevention strategies and reducing the risk of future suicidal behavior in psychiatric inpatients.

Is Lethality Different between Males and Females? Clinical and Gender Differences in Inpatient Suicide Attempters / Berardelli, Isabella; Rogante, Elena; Sarubbi, Salvatore; Erbuto, Denise; Cifrodelli, Mariarosaria; Concolato, Cristina; Pasquini, Massimo; Lester, David; Innamorati, Marco; Pompili, Maurizio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 19:20(2022), p. 13309. [10.3390/ijerph192013309]

Is Lethality Different between Males and Females? Clinical and Gender Differences in Inpatient Suicide Attempters

Berardelli, Isabella
;
Rogante, Elena;Sarubbi, Salvatore;Erbuto, Denise;Cifrodelli, Mariarosaria;Concolato, Cristina;Pasquini, Massimo;Innamorati, Marco;Pompili, Maurizio
2022

Abstract

According to the gender paradox in suicidology, an important sex difference has been reported with a preponderance of females in nonfatal suicidal behavior and a preponderance of males in completed suicide. Furthermore, females and males present different risk factors for suicide. The present study explored possible clinical differences between male and female psychiatric inpatients who had recently attempted suicide. The study included 177 adult inpatients hospitalized following a suicide attempt at the University Psychiatric Clinic, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome. Clinical features assessed included psychiatric diagnosis, method and lethality of suicide attempts using the Risk/Rescue Rating Scale, the history of suicide attempts, age at onset of psychiatric illness, the presence of substance or alcohol use, and the length of stay. The results found that males and females differed in the method used for the suicide attempt, the scores for risk and rescue, and the length of hospitalization post-suicide attempt. In conclusion, identifying gender characteristics of patients at higher risk of suicide is important for implementing specific suicide prevention strategies and reducing the risk of future suicidal behavior in psychiatric inpatients.
2022
females; gender; males; prevention; suicide
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Is Lethality Different between Males and Females? Clinical and Gender Differences in Inpatient Suicide Attempters / Berardelli, Isabella; Rogante, Elena; Sarubbi, Salvatore; Erbuto, Denise; Cifrodelli, Mariarosaria; Concolato, Cristina; Pasquini, Massimo; Lester, David; Innamorati, Marco; Pompili, Maurizio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 19:20(2022), p. 13309. [10.3390/ijerph192013309]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1672707
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