The M1 zinc metalloproteases ERAP1, ERAP2, and IRAP play a role in HLA-I antigen presentation by refining the peptidome either in the ER (ERAP1 and ERAP2) or in the endosomes (IRAP). They have also been entrusted with other, although less defined, functions such as the regulation of the angiotensin system and blood pressure. In humans, ERAP1 and IRAP are commonly expressed. ERAP2 instead has evolved under balancing selection that maintains two haplotypes, one of which undergoing RNA splicing leading to nonsense-mediated decay and loss of protein. Hence, likewise in rodents, wherein the ERAP2 gene is missing, about a quarter of the human population does not express ERAP2. We report here that macrophages, but not monocytes or other mononuclear blood cells, express and secrete an ERAP2 shorter form independent of the haplotype. The generation of this "short" ERAP2 is due to an autocatalytic cleavage within a distinctive structural motif and requires an acidic micro-environment. Remarkably, ERAP2 "short" binds IRAP and the two molecules are co-expressed in the endosomes as well as in the cell membrane. Of note, the same phenomenon could be observed in some cancer cells. These data prompt us to reconsider the role of ERAP2, which might have been maintained in humans due to fulfilling a relevant function in its "short" form.

A short ERAP2 that binds IRAP is expressed in macrophages independently of gene variation / Mattorre, Benedetta; Caristi, Silvana; Donato, Simona; Volpe, Emilia; Faiella, Marika; Paiardini, Alessandro; Sorrentino, Rosa; Paladini, Fabiana. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:9(2022). [10.3390/ijms23094961]

A short ERAP2 that binds IRAP is expressed in macrophages independently of gene variation

Benedetta Mattorre;Silvana Caristi;Emilia Volpe;Marika Faiella;Alessandro Paiardini;Rosa Sorrentino
;
Fabiana Paladini
2022

Abstract

The M1 zinc metalloproteases ERAP1, ERAP2, and IRAP play a role in HLA-I antigen presentation by refining the peptidome either in the ER (ERAP1 and ERAP2) or in the endosomes (IRAP). They have also been entrusted with other, although less defined, functions such as the regulation of the angiotensin system and blood pressure. In humans, ERAP1 and IRAP are commonly expressed. ERAP2 instead has evolved under balancing selection that maintains two haplotypes, one of which undergoing RNA splicing leading to nonsense-mediated decay and loss of protein. Hence, likewise in rodents, wherein the ERAP2 gene is missing, about a quarter of the human population does not express ERAP2. We report here that macrophages, but not monocytes or other mononuclear blood cells, express and secrete an ERAP2 shorter form independent of the haplotype. The generation of this "short" ERAP2 is due to an autocatalytic cleavage within a distinctive structural motif and requires an acidic micro-environment. Remarkably, ERAP2 "short" binds IRAP and the two molecules are co-expressed in the endosomes as well as in the cell membrane. Of note, the same phenomenon could be observed in some cancer cells. These data prompt us to reconsider the role of ERAP2, which might have been maintained in humans due to fulfilling a relevant function in its "short" form.
2022
ERAP1; ERAP2; IRAP; Renin-Angiotensin system; macrophages.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A short ERAP2 that binds IRAP is expressed in macrophages independently of gene variation / Mattorre, Benedetta; Caristi, Silvana; Donato, Simona; Volpe, Emilia; Faiella, Marika; Paiardini, Alessandro; Sorrentino, Rosa; Paladini, Fabiana. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:9(2022). [10.3390/ijms23094961]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1672677
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