Background and Objectives: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis is a fearful complication during thyroidectomy. Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) and optical magnification (OM) facilitate RLN identification and dissection. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the influence of the two techniques on the incidence of RLN paralysis and determine correlations regarding common outcomes in thyroid surgery. Materials and Methods: Two equally sized groups of 50 patients who underwent total thyroidectomies were examined. In the first group (OM), only surgical binocular loupes (2.5×–4.5×) were used during surgery, while in the second group (IONM), the intermittent NIM was applied. Results: Both the operative time and the length of hospitalization were shorter in the OM group than in the IONM group (median 80 versus 100 min and median 2 versus 4 days, respectively) (p < 0.05). The male patients were found to have a five-fold higher risk of developing transient dysphonia than the females (adjusted OR 5.19, 95% IC 0.99–27.18, p = 0.05). The OM group reported a four-fold higher risk of developing transient hypocalcemia than the IONM group (OR 3.78, adjusted OR 4.11, p = 0.01). Despite two cases of temporary bilateral RLN paralysis in the IONM group versus none in the OM group, no statistically significant difference was found (p > 0.05). No permanent RLN paralysis or hypoparathyroidism have been reported. Conclusions: Despite some limitations, our study is the first to compare the use of IONM with OM alone in the prevention of RLN injuries. The risk of recurrent complications remains comparable and both techniques can be considered valid instruments, especially if applied simultaneously by surgeons.

Intraoperative Neuromonitoring and Optical Magnification in the Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries during Total Thyroidectomy / Karpathiotakis, M.; D'Orazi, V.; Ortensi, A.; Biancucci, A.; Melcarne, R.; Borcea, M. C.; Scorziello, C.; Tartaglia, F.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1648-9144. - 58:11(2022). [10.3390/medicina58111560]

Intraoperative Neuromonitoring and Optical Magnification in the Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries during Total Thyroidectomy

Karpathiotakis, M.
Primo
;
D'Orazi, V.
Secondo
;
Ortensi, A.;Biancucci, A.;Melcarne, R.;Borcea, M. C.;Scorziello, C.;Tartaglia, F.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis is a fearful complication during thyroidectomy. Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) and optical magnification (OM) facilitate RLN identification and dissection. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the influence of the two techniques on the incidence of RLN paralysis and determine correlations regarding common outcomes in thyroid surgery. Materials and Methods: Two equally sized groups of 50 patients who underwent total thyroidectomies were examined. In the first group (OM), only surgical binocular loupes (2.5×–4.5×) were used during surgery, while in the second group (IONM), the intermittent NIM was applied. Results: Both the operative time and the length of hospitalization were shorter in the OM group than in the IONM group (median 80 versus 100 min and median 2 versus 4 days, respectively) (p < 0.05). The male patients were found to have a five-fold higher risk of developing transient dysphonia than the females (adjusted OR 5.19, 95% IC 0.99–27.18, p = 0.05). The OM group reported a four-fold higher risk of developing transient hypocalcemia than the IONM group (OR 3.78, adjusted OR 4.11, p = 0.01). Despite two cases of temporary bilateral RLN paralysis in the IONM group versus none in the OM group, no statistically significant difference was found (p > 0.05). No permanent RLN paralysis or hypoparathyroidism have been reported. Conclusions: Despite some limitations, our study is the first to compare the use of IONM with OM alone in the prevention of RLN injuries. The risk of recurrent complications remains comparable and both techniques can be considered valid instruments, especially if applied simultaneously by surgeons.
2022
total thyroidectomy; recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis; intraoperative neuromonitoring; optical magnification
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Intraoperative Neuromonitoring and Optical Magnification in the Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries during Total Thyroidectomy / Karpathiotakis, M.; D'Orazi, V.; Ortensi, A.; Biancucci, A.; Melcarne, R.; Borcea, M. C.; Scorziello, C.; Tartaglia, F.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1648-9144. - 58:11(2022). [10.3390/medicina58111560]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1670889
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