The recycling of lead acid batteries (LABs) comprises relevant concerns on the suitable methodologies to recover lead. In this investigation, two electrorefining processes, by using acidic and alkaline electrolytes, have been compared to determine the most significant results of both methodologies. Acidic electrolytes used 200 g/L HBF4, 1.2 g/L H3PO4, 10 g/L H3BO3, and 100 g/L PbO, while the alkaline ones employed 120 g/L NaOH, 75 g/L PbO, 50-92 g/L glycerol, and 2 g/L gelatin. All the solutions were studied by varying temperature and current density (CD) to determine remarkable changes on current efficiency (CE), cell voltage (CV), specific energy consumption (SEC), and on the deposit quality. The results highlighted that by using the acidic electrolyte containing dextrin it is possible to obtain a compact deposit even using high CDs. Acidic solution without dextrin addition allows to obtain good quality deposits by working at 40 degrees C and 100 A/m(2) CD. After testing the behavior of different alkaline electrolytes, it is possible to observe that the solution containing the highest glycerol concentration allows to obtain, for intermediate valued of CD, CE higher than 97% with a SEC of about 0.37 kWh/kg. By comparing the results it is evident that the acidic electrolyte is the one that allows to reach higher productivity with lower SEC. In the selected conditions, lead deposits appear pure and compact.[GRAPHICS].

Lead electrorefining process from exhausted lead acid batteries by using acidic and alkaline electrolytes / Mondal, A.; Ciro, E.; Lupi, C.; Pilone, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE METALLURGY. - ISSN 2199-3823. - 8:4(2022), pp. 1744-1755. [10.1007/s40831-022-00598-6]

Lead electrorefining process from exhausted lead acid batteries by using acidic and alkaline electrolytes

Mondal A.;Lupi C.;Pilone D.
2022

Abstract

The recycling of lead acid batteries (LABs) comprises relevant concerns on the suitable methodologies to recover lead. In this investigation, two electrorefining processes, by using acidic and alkaline electrolytes, have been compared to determine the most significant results of both methodologies. Acidic electrolytes used 200 g/L HBF4, 1.2 g/L H3PO4, 10 g/L H3BO3, and 100 g/L PbO, while the alkaline ones employed 120 g/L NaOH, 75 g/L PbO, 50-92 g/L glycerol, and 2 g/L gelatin. All the solutions were studied by varying temperature and current density (CD) to determine remarkable changes on current efficiency (CE), cell voltage (CV), specific energy consumption (SEC), and on the deposit quality. The results highlighted that by using the acidic electrolyte containing dextrin it is possible to obtain a compact deposit even using high CDs. Acidic solution without dextrin addition allows to obtain good quality deposits by working at 40 degrees C and 100 A/m(2) CD. After testing the behavior of different alkaline electrolytes, it is possible to observe that the solution containing the highest glycerol concentration allows to obtain, for intermediate valued of CD, CE higher than 97% with a SEC of about 0.37 kWh/kg. By comparing the results it is evident that the acidic electrolyte is the one that allows to reach higher productivity with lower SEC. In the selected conditions, lead deposits appear pure and compact.[GRAPHICS].
2022
battery recycling; lead recovery; lead electrodeposition
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Lead electrorefining process from exhausted lead acid batteries by using acidic and alkaline electrolytes / Mondal, A.; Ciro, E.; Lupi, C.; Pilone, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE METALLURGY. - ISSN 2199-3823. - 8:4(2022), pp. 1744-1755. [10.1007/s40831-022-00598-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1670430
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