Mutations in RNA binding proteins (RBPs) have been linked to the motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Extensive auto-regulation, cross-regulation, cooperation and competition mechanisms among RBPs are in place to ensure proper expression levels of common targets, often including other RBPs and their own transcripts. Moreover, several RBPs play a crucial role in the nervous system by localizing target RNAs in specific neuronal compartments. These include the RBPs FUS, FMRP, and HuD. ALS mutations in a given RBP are predicted to produce a broad impact on such delicate equilibrium. Here we studied the effects of the severe FUS-P525L mutation on common FUS and FMRP targets. Expression profiling by digital color-coded molecular barcoding in cell bodies and neurites of human iPSC-derived motor neurons revealed altered levels of transcripts involved in the cytoskeleton, neural projection and synapses. One of the common targets is HuD, which is upregulated because of the loss of FMRP binding to its 3'UTR due to mutant FUS competition. Notably, many genes are commonly altered upon FUS mutation or HuD overexpression, suggesting that a substantial part of the effects of mutant FUS on the motor neuron transcriptome could be due to HuD gain-of-function. Among altered transcripts, we also identified other common FUS and FMRP targets, namely MAP1B, PTEN, and AP2B1, that are upregulated upon loss of FMRP binding on their 3'UTR in FUS-P525L motor neurons. This work demonstrates that the impairment of FMRP function by mutant FUS might alter the expression of several genes, including new possible biomarkers and therapeutic targets for ALS.

Digital color-coded molecular barcoding reveals dysregulation of common FUS and FMRP targets in soma and neurites of ALS mutant motoneurons / Garone, Maria Giovanna; Salerno, Debora; Rosa, Alessandro. - In: CELL DEATH DISCOVERY. - ISSN 2058-7716. - 9:1(2023). [10.1038/s41420-023-01340-1]

Digital color-coded molecular barcoding reveals dysregulation of common FUS and FMRP targets in soma and neurites of ALS mutant motoneurons

Garone, Maria Giovanna
Primo
Investigation
;
Salerno, Debora
Secondo
Investigation
;
Rosa, Alessandro
Ultimo
Supervision
2023

Abstract

Mutations in RNA binding proteins (RBPs) have been linked to the motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Extensive auto-regulation, cross-regulation, cooperation and competition mechanisms among RBPs are in place to ensure proper expression levels of common targets, often including other RBPs and their own transcripts. Moreover, several RBPs play a crucial role in the nervous system by localizing target RNAs in specific neuronal compartments. These include the RBPs FUS, FMRP, and HuD. ALS mutations in a given RBP are predicted to produce a broad impact on such delicate equilibrium. Here we studied the effects of the severe FUS-P525L mutation on common FUS and FMRP targets. Expression profiling by digital color-coded molecular barcoding in cell bodies and neurites of human iPSC-derived motor neurons revealed altered levels of transcripts involved in the cytoskeleton, neural projection and synapses. One of the common targets is HuD, which is upregulated because of the loss of FMRP binding to its 3'UTR due to mutant FUS competition. Notably, many genes are commonly altered upon FUS mutation or HuD overexpression, suggesting that a substantial part of the effects of mutant FUS on the motor neuron transcriptome could be due to HuD gain-of-function. Among altered transcripts, we also identified other common FUS and FMRP targets, namely MAP1B, PTEN, and AP2B1, that are upregulated upon loss of FMRP binding on their 3'UTR in FUS-P525L motor neurons. This work demonstrates that the impairment of FMRP function by mutant FUS might alter the expression of several genes, including new possible biomarkers and therapeutic targets for ALS.
2023
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; FUS; HuD; FMRP; PTEN
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Digital color-coded molecular barcoding reveals dysregulation of common FUS and FMRP targets in soma and neurites of ALS mutant motoneurons / Garone, Maria Giovanna; Salerno, Debora; Rosa, Alessandro. - In: CELL DEATH DISCOVERY. - ISSN 2058-7716. - 9:1(2023). [10.1038/s41420-023-01340-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1668400
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