Most studies indicate that the mechanical removal of the bacterial biofilm from the implant surface is the central goal of peri-implantitis therapy. However, controversial results in the treatment of peri-implantitis have led to the consideration of additional strategies that include surgical approaches and chemical adjuvants. Local/topical antibiotics, such as minocycline, azithromycin, tetracycline, amoxicillin, doxycycline, and metronidazole, may improve the efficacy of the definitive treatment of the disease, but the lack of conclusive findings prevents their use in clinical practice. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effect of local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment. Randomised controlled studies (RCT) on patients with peri-implantitis and comparing the efficacy of local/topical antibiotics vs. placebo or mechanical debridement were included. A systematic search strategy was carried out using three registered databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus). RoB2 was used to assess risk of bias. Five RCTs were identified (n = 250 patients and 333 implants). Contrast results emerged among the included studies, and a high heterogeneity level was observed. Risk of bias revealed some concerns for three studies out of five, while one study was judged at high risk. Only one study analysed the limitations of its findings. Overall, local antibiotic use can be considered a valid approach in the treatment of peri-implantitis. Therefore, future long-term clinical trials with standardised protocols and antibiotics with similar biological activity profiles should be tested to achieve a valid and definitive conclusion.

Local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment: a systematic review / Passarelli, P. C.; Netti, A.; Lopez, M. A.; Giaquinto, E. F.; De Rosa, G.; Aureli, G.; Bodnarenko, A.; Papi, P.; Starzynska, A.; Pompa, G.; D'Addona, A.. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 10:11(2021). [10.3390/antibiotics10111298]

Local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment: a systematic review

Papi P.;Pompa G.
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Most studies indicate that the mechanical removal of the bacterial biofilm from the implant surface is the central goal of peri-implantitis therapy. However, controversial results in the treatment of peri-implantitis have led to the consideration of additional strategies that include surgical approaches and chemical adjuvants. Local/topical antibiotics, such as minocycline, azithromycin, tetracycline, amoxicillin, doxycycline, and metronidazole, may improve the efficacy of the definitive treatment of the disease, but the lack of conclusive findings prevents their use in clinical practice. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effect of local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment. Randomised controlled studies (RCT) on patients with peri-implantitis and comparing the efficacy of local/topical antibiotics vs. placebo or mechanical debridement were included. A systematic search strategy was carried out using three registered databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus). RoB2 was used to assess risk of bias. Five RCTs were identified (n = 250 patients and 333 implants). Contrast results emerged among the included studies, and a high heterogeneity level was observed. Risk of bias revealed some concerns for three studies out of five, while one study was judged at high risk. Only one study analysed the limitations of its findings. Overall, local antibiotic use can be considered a valid approach in the treatment of peri-implantitis. Therefore, future long-term clinical trials with standardised protocols and antibiotics with similar biological activity profiles should be tested to achieve a valid and definitive conclusion.
2021
chemical adjuvants; clinical practice guidelines; local antibiotics; minocycline; peri-implant mucositis; peri-implantitis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment: a systematic review / Passarelli, P. C.; Netti, A.; Lopez, M. A.; Giaquinto, E. F.; De Rosa, G.; Aureli, G.; Bodnarenko, A.; Papi, P.; Starzynska, A.; Pompa, G.; D'Addona, A.. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 10:11(2021). [10.3390/antibiotics10111298]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1668067
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