Chronic social stress has been epidemiologically linked to increased risk for cardiovascular disease, yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still largely elusive. Mitochondrial (dys)function represents a potential intersection point between social stress exposure and (mal)adaptive cardiac responses. In this study, we used a rodent model of social stress to study the extent to which alterations in the cellular mechanical properties of the heart were associated with changes in indexes of mitochondrial function. Male adult rats were exposed to repeated episodes of social defeat stress or left undisturbed (controls). ECG signals were recorded during and after social defeat stress. Twenty-four hours after the last social defeat, cardiomyocytes were isolated for analyses of mechanical properties and intracellular Ca2+ dynamics, mitochondrial respiration, and ATP content. Results indicated that social defeat stress induced potent cardiac sympathetic activation that lasted well beyond stress exposure. Moreover, cardiomyocytes of stressed rats showed poor contractile performance (e.g., slower contraction and relaxation rates) and intracellular Ca2+ derangement (e.g., slower Ca2+ clearing), which were associated with indexes of reduced reserve respiratory capacity and decreased ATP production. In conclusion, this study suggests that repeated social stress provokes impaired cardiomyocyte contractile performance and signs of altered mitochondrial bioenergetics in the rat heart. Future studies are needed to clarify the causal link between cardiac and mitochondrial functional remodeling under conditions of chronic social stress.

Decline of cardiomyocyte contractile performance and bioenergetic function in socially stressed male rats / Barbetti, Margherita; Vilella, Rocchina; Dallabona, Cristina; Carla Gerra, Maria; Bocchi, Leonardo; Ielpo, Donald; Andolina, Diego; Sgoifo, Andrea; A, ; Savi, Monia; Luca Carnevali, And. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - (2022).

Decline of cardiomyocyte contractile performance and bioenergetic function in socially stressed male rats

Donald Ielpo;Diego Andolina;
2022

Abstract

Chronic social stress has been epidemiologically linked to increased risk for cardiovascular disease, yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still largely elusive. Mitochondrial (dys)function represents a potential intersection point between social stress exposure and (mal)adaptive cardiac responses. In this study, we used a rodent model of social stress to study the extent to which alterations in the cellular mechanical properties of the heart were associated with changes in indexes of mitochondrial function. Male adult rats were exposed to repeated episodes of social defeat stress or left undisturbed (controls). ECG signals were recorded during and after social defeat stress. Twenty-four hours after the last social defeat, cardiomyocytes were isolated for analyses of mechanical properties and intracellular Ca2+ dynamics, mitochondrial respiration, and ATP content. Results indicated that social defeat stress induced potent cardiac sympathetic activation that lasted well beyond stress exposure. Moreover, cardiomyocytes of stressed rats showed poor contractile performance (e.g., slower contraction and relaxation rates) and intracellular Ca2+ derangement (e.g., slower Ca2+ clearing), which were associated with indexes of reduced reserve respiratory capacity and decreased ATP production. In conclusion, this study suggests that repeated social stress provokes impaired cardiomyocyte contractile performance and signs of altered mitochondrial bioenergetics in the rat heart. Future studies are needed to clarify the causal link between cardiac and mitochondrial functional remodeling under conditions of chronic social stress.
2022
Social stress, Cardiomyocyte, Mitochondria, ATP, Intracellular calcium dynamics, Heart rate
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Decline of cardiomyocyte contractile performance and bioenergetic function in socially stressed male rats / Barbetti, Margherita; Vilella, Rocchina; Dallabona, Cristina; Carla Gerra, Maria; Bocchi, Leonardo; Ielpo, Donald; Andolina, Diego; Sgoifo, Andrea; A, ; Savi, Monia; Luca Carnevali, And. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - (2022).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1667799
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