The present study was designed to compare gender differences in psychiatric diagnosis with the dimension of psychopathy in women and men who had attempted or committed homicide. The study samples consisted of 39 homicidal females and 48 homicidal males who were confined in one of Italy’s REMS or prison facilities in two southern provinces of Italy (Puglia and Basilicata). Assessment instruments included the SCID-5, the PID-5 IRF, and the PCL-R. Each gender group was stratified according to the level of criminal responsibility for the homicidal offense (full, partial, absent), and after assessments, according to the degree of the psychopathic dimension. There were clear gender differences in homicidal individuals. Female offenders were less likely to have had a record of criminal charges/convictions or imprisonment, and their homicides were more often intrafamilial, victimizing especially of their children, whereas males targeted intimate partners and extrafamilial victims. In the entire group, there was an inverse relationship between the level of psychopathy and the personality disorder on one side, and the psychotic disturbance on the other. Factor 2 (lifestyle/antisocial dimension) of the PCL-R was higher among the homicidal males, whereas females tended to score higher on Factor 1 (the interpersonal/affective dimension). Finally, if the psychopathic dimension is a qualifier for antisocial personality disorder, as indicated in DSM-5, this appears to be less true for females who tend to have other personality disorders.

Women and men who committed murder: male/female psychopathic homicides / Carabellese, Felice; Felthous, Alan R.; Mandarelli, Gabriele; Montalb(`(o)), Domenico; La Tegola, Donatella; Parmigiani, Giovanna; Rossetto, Ilaria; Franconi, Filippo; Ferretti, Fabio; Carabellese, Fulvio; Catanesi, Roberto. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 1556-4029. - 65:5(2020), pp. 1619-1626. [10.1111/1556-4029.14450]

Women and men who committed murder: male/female psychopathic homicides

Giovanna Parmigiani;
2020

Abstract

The present study was designed to compare gender differences in psychiatric diagnosis with the dimension of psychopathy in women and men who had attempted or committed homicide. The study samples consisted of 39 homicidal females and 48 homicidal males who were confined in one of Italy’s REMS or prison facilities in two southern provinces of Italy (Puglia and Basilicata). Assessment instruments included the SCID-5, the PID-5 IRF, and the PCL-R. Each gender group was stratified according to the level of criminal responsibility for the homicidal offense (full, partial, absent), and after assessments, according to the degree of the psychopathic dimension. There were clear gender differences in homicidal individuals. Female offenders were less likely to have had a record of criminal charges/convictions or imprisonment, and their homicides were more often intrafamilial, victimizing especially of their children, whereas males targeted intimate partners and extrafamilial victims. In the entire group, there was an inverse relationship between the level of psychopathy and the personality disorder on one side, and the psychotic disturbance on the other. Factor 2 (lifestyle/antisocial dimension) of the PCL-R was higher among the homicidal males, whereas females tended to score higher on Factor 1 (the interpersonal/affective dimension). Finally, if the psychopathic dimension is a qualifier for antisocial personality disorder, as indicated in DSM-5, this appears to be less true for females who tend to have other personality disorders.
2020
forensic psychiatry; homicide and gender; psychopathy; PCL-R; mental disorder and homicide; murder Factor 1 and Factor 2 of the PCL-R
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Women and men who committed murder: male/female psychopathic homicides / Carabellese, Felice; Felthous, Alan R.; Mandarelli, Gabriele; Montalb(`(o)), Domenico; La Tegola, Donatella; Parmigiani, Giovanna; Rossetto, Ilaria; Franconi, Filippo; Ferretti, Fabio; Carabellese, Fulvio; Catanesi, Roberto. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 1556-4029. - 65:5(2020), pp. 1619-1626. [10.1111/1556-4029.14450]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1666932
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